Minoian, Victoria and Freinkman, Lev (2005): Armenia: What drives first movers and how can their efforts be scaled up? Published in: (2006): pp. 129-149.
Download (170Kb) | Preview
The paper examines ways to expand the contribution of the Armenian diaspora to Armenia’s long-term development agenda. It identifies factors that could explain the involvement and dynamics of a small group of entrepreneurs from the diaspora who have been active in and with Armenia. Based on these findings, it develops recommendations, consistent with the diaspora’s institutional capabilities, for increasing the number of such business activists and transforming diaspora efforts from humanitarian relief campaigns to business initiatives and development projects. The findings are based on detailed interviews with a group of prominent diaspora activists.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Armenia: What drives first movers and how can their efforts be scaled up?|
|Keywords:||diaspora, Armenia, diaspora mobilization, diaspora expertise for development|
|Subjects:||P - Economic Systems > P3 - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions > P36 - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty
P - Economic Systems > P2 - Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies > P27 - Performance and Prospects
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies > J61 - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
|Depositing User:||Lev Freinkman|
|Date Deposited:||14. Aug 2008 09:49|
|Last Modified:||11. Feb 2013 23:08|
Agapitova, Natalia, and Alfred Watkins. 2004. “Creating a 21st Century National Innovation System for a 21st Century Latvian Economy.” Policy Research Working Paper 3457, World Bank, Washington, DC.
Amirkhanian, Alen. 1997. “The Armenian Diaspora and Their Contribution to Socio-Economic Development in Armenia in the Soviet and Post-Soviet Periods.” Background chapter paper prepared for the World Bank’s Country Assistance Strategy for Armenia, Europe and Central Asia Region, Washington, DC.
Avishai, Bernard. 2002. The Tragedy of Zionism: How Its Revolutionary Past Haunts Israeli Democracy. New York: Helios Press.
Expert Group Review of Scientific Diasporas. 2003. “How Can Developing Countries Benefit from Their Expatriate Scientists and Engineers?” Paris. http://www.dev.ird.fr/pdf/diasporas_ang.pdf.
Freinkman, Lev. 2001. “Role of the Diaspora in Transition Economies: Lessons from Armenia.” Paper presented at the 11th annual meeting of the Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy, Coral Gables, Florida, August 2-4. PLEASE PROVIDE DATES IN AUGUST. http://lanic.utexas.edu/project/asce/pdfs/volume11/freinkman.pdf.
Gevorkyan, A., and David Grigorian. 2003. “Armenia and Its Diaspora: Is There a Scope for a Stronger Economic Link?” Paper presented at the Armenian International Policy Research Group conference, Washington, DC, January 25. http://www.armpolicyresearch.org/Publications/WorkingPapers/index.htm.
Gillespie, Kate, and Anna Adrianova. 2004. “Diaspora Support for Business Development in Armenia: Examining Paradigms of Social Entrepreneurship.” Paper presented at the Second Armenian International Policy Research Group Conference, Washington, DC, January 17–18.
Gillespie, Kate, Liesl Riddle, Edward Sayre, and David Sturges. 1999. “Diaspora Interest in Homeland Investment.” Journal of International Business Studies 30 (3): 623–34.
Hozany, Yoram. 2001. The Jewish State: The Struggle for Israel’s Soul. New York: New Republic Books.
Kuznetsov, Yevgeny. 2003. “Moving to Knowledge-Based Competitiveness in Russia: Implementation Options.” World Bank, Washington, DC.
Manasaryan, Tatul. 2004. “Diaspora: The Comparative Advantage for Armenia.” Paper presented at the Second Armenian International Policy Research Group Conference, January 17–18, Washington, DC.
Ndulu, B. J. 2002. “Human Capital Flight: Stratification, Globalization, and the Challenges to Tertiary Education in Africa.” World Bank, Washington, D.C.
Roberts, Bryan W. 2004. “Remittances in Armenia: Size, Impacts, and Measures to Enhance Their Contribution to Development.” Report prepared for the U.S. Agency for International Development, Yerevan.
Samuelian, Thomas J., Aram Hajian, Hakob Martisossian, and Tamar Hajian. 2003. “Diaspora-Homeland Issue Paper.” Paper prepared for the Armenia 2020 project. http://www.armenia2020.org/index.php/en/activities/researches/13.
Saxenian, AnnaLee. 1999. “Silicon Valley’s New Immigrant Entrepreneurs.” Public Policy Institute of California, San Francisco.
Sherinian, Aaron H. 2005. “Marketing Assistance Programs to the Diaspora: The U.S. Embassy, Yerevan Experience.” Paper presented at the Third Armenian International Policy Research Group Conference, January 15–16, Washington, D.C.
UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) 2001. National Human Development Report: Armenia. New York: UNDP. http://www.undp.am/publications.
Vishnevsky, Anatoly. 2004. “Alternatives of the Migration Strategy.” Polit.RU website. In Russian. http://www.polit.ru/research/2004/12/23/vishnevsky.html.
World Bank. 2002. Armenia. Growth Challenges and Government Policies. Country Study. Washington, DC: World Bank.