Graefe, Andreas and Armstrong, J. Scott (2008): Forecasting Elections from Voters’ Perceptions of Candidates’ Positions on Issues and Policies.
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Ideally, presidential elections should be decided based on how the candidates would handle issues facing the country. If so, knowledge about the voters’ perception of the candidates should help to forecast election outcomes. We make two forecasts of the winner of the popular vote in the 2008 U.S. Presidential Election. One is based on voters’ perceptions of how the candidates would deal with issues (problems facing the country) if elected. We show that this approach would have correctly picked the winner for seven out of nine elections from 1972 to 2004, along with providing an idea of the margin of victory. In addition, in predicting the two-party vote percentages for the last three elections from 1996 to 2004, the methods’ out-of-sample forecasts outperformed those derived from four well-established models. Based on this approach, we predict the Democratic candidate, Barack Obama, as the winner, obtaining 51.2% of the popular two-party vote. The other forecast is based on voters’ preference for policies and their perceptions of which policies the candidates are likely to pursue. It also predicts Obama to win the popular vote.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Forecasting Elections from Voters’ Perceptions of Candidates’ Positions on Issues and Policies|
|Keywords:||forecasting methods, regression models, index method, experience tables, accuracy, in-sample, out-of-sample|
|Subjects:||C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C5 - Econometric Modeling|
|Depositing User:||Andreas Graefe|
|Date Deposited:||04. Sep 2008 07:39|
|Last Modified:||18. Feb 2013 15:26|
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Available Versions of this Item
Forecasting Elections from Voters’ Perceptions of Candidates’ Positions on Issues and Policies. (deposited 05. Aug 2008 06:08)
Forecasting Elections from Voters’ Perceptions of Candidates’ Positions on Issues and Policies. (deposited 04. Sep 2008 07:39)
- Forecasting elections from voters’ perceptions of candidates’ ability to handle issues. (deposited 24. Mar 2012 23:48)
- Forecasting Elections from Voters’ Perceptions of Candidates’ Positions on Issues and Policies. (deposited 04. Sep 2008 07:39) [Currently Displayed]