yamamura, eiji (2006): Automobile Safety Inspections and Enforcing Norms: Case Study of Japan Using Panel Data.
Download (120kB) | Preview
This paper explores, using panel data of Japan, whether automobile inspections help to reduce accidents. Two innovations introduced by this paper are the control of endogeneity by the 2sls fixed effects model and the taking into account of norm enforcement in order to control the omitted variable bias. We found through this estimation that automobile inspections and the enforcing of social norms play a critical role in reducing fatalities but not non-fatal accidents.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Automobile Safety Inspections and Enforcing Norms: Case Study of Japan Using Panel Data|
|Keywords:||Safety Inspections, traffic addidents, Norms|
|Subjects:||Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics; Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology > Z13 - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification|
|Depositing User:||eiji yamamura|
|Date Deposited:||26. Aug 2008 07:35|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 19:22|
Asahi Shinbunsha. (2004) Minryoku: TODOFUKEN-BETSU MINRYOKU SOKUTEI SHIRYOSHU (CD-ROM edition), Asahi-Shinbunsha, Tokyo.
Baltagi, B. (2005) Econometric Analysis of Panel Data, John Wiley and Sons.
Funk, P. (2005) Government action, social norms, and criminal behavior, Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, 161, 522-35.
Garbacz, C. (1990). How effective is automobile safety regulation? Applied Economics, 22, 1705-14.
Garbacz, C. and Kelly, G. (1987). Automobile safety inspection: new econometric and benefit/cost estimates, Applied Economics, 19, 763-77.
Loeb, P. D. (1985). The efficacy and cost-effectiveness of motor vehicle inspection using cross sectional data: an econometric analysis, Southern Economic Journal, 52, 279-87.
Loeb, P. D.(1987). The determinants of automobile fatalities with special consideration to policy variables, Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, 21, 279-87.
Loeb, P. D. (1988). The determinants of motor vehicle accidents: a specification error analysis, Logistics and Transportation Review, 24, 33-48.
Loeb, P. D. (1990). Automobile safety inspection: further econometric evidence, Applied Economics, 22, 1697-1704.
Loeb, P. D. and Gilad, B. (1984). The efficacy and cost-effectiveness of vehicle inspection: a state specific analysis using time series data, Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, 18, 145-164.
Merrell, D., Poitras, M., and Sutter, D. (1999) The effectiveness of vehicle safety inspections: an analysis using panel, Southern Economic Journal, 65, 571-83.
Peltzman, S. (1975). The effects of automobile safety regulation, Journal of Political Economy, 83, 677-726.
Posner, R. A. and Rasmusen, E. (1999) Creating and enforcing norms, with special reference to sanction, International Review of Law and Economics, 19, 369-82.
Putnam, R. (2000) Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community, A Touchstone Book.