yamamura, eiji (2007): The Different Impacts of Socio-economic Factors on Suicide between Males and Females.
Download (220Kb) | Preview
The number of suicides in Japan has substantially increased during its low growth period. The main argument of Durkheim’s (1951) seminal work in the field of sociology is that suicide is under influences of not only individual traits but also of the society one belongs to. Recently it was found that the effect of socio-economic variables on suicide rates depends on gender. This paper attempts to examine the difference of socio-economic factors on suicide between males and females. I used the national panel data of Japan to investigate the determinants of suicide. Based on fixed-effects estimation, by which the year and prefecture-specific unobservable effects can be controlled for, the major findings are twofold. First, the social capital that enhances community integration had a greater effect upon the suicide of females than that of males. This is probably because females are less likely to have full-time jobs and thus have more spare time, leading them to seek social involvement in their neighborhoods and participate in community activities. Second, divorce causes the propensity to commit suicide among males to become about two times higher than that among females due to the compensation costs that males are more likely to pay to females.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The Different Impacts of Socio-economic Factors on Suicide between Males and Females|
|Subjects:||Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics; Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology > Z13 - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification|
|Depositing User:||eiji yamamura|
|Date Deposited:||26. Aug 2008 07:58|
|Last Modified:||14. Feb 2013 14:47|
Asahi Shinbunsha. (various years). Minryoku: TODOFUKEN-BETSU MINRYOKU SOKUTEI SHIRYOSHU. Tokyo: Asahi-Shinbunsha.
Baltagi, B. (2005) Econometric Analysis of Panel Data. West Sussex: John Wiley and Sons.
Brainerd, E. (2001). Economic reform and mortality in the former Soviet Union: A study of the suicide epidemic in the 1990s, European Economic Review, 45, 1007-19.
Cabinet office, Government of Japan (various years) Kokumin Keizai keisan nenpo. Tokyo: Naikaku-fu.
Chuang, Lin, H., and Huang, W.C. (1997). Economic and social correlates of regional suicide rates: A pooled cross-section and time-series analysis, Journal of Socio-Economics, 26, 277-89.
Durkheim, E. (1951). Suicide: A study in sociology. Translated by. J. A. Spaulding and G. Simpson. Gencoe, IL: Fee Press.
Hamermersh, D, S. (1974). The economics of black suicide, Southern Economic Journal, 41, 188-99.
Hamermersh, D, S., and Soss, N,M. (1974). An economic theory of suicide, Journal of Political Economy, 82, 83-98.
Huang, W,C. (1996). Religion, culture, economic and sociological correlates of suicide rates: a cross-national analysis, Applied Economics Letters, 3, 779-82.
Jungeilges, J. and Kirchgassner, G. (2002). Economic welfare, civil liberty, and suicide: an empirical investigation, Journal of Socio-Economics, 31, 215-31.
Kunce, M. and Anderson,A.L. (2002). The impact of socioeconomic factors on state suicide rates: A methodological note, Urban Studies, 39, 155-62.
Kushner, H. I., and Sterk, C.E. (2005). The limits of social capital: Durkheim, Suicide, and social cohesion, American Journal of Public Health, 95, 1139-43.
Marcotte, D. E. (2003). The economics of suicide, Revisited, Southern Economic Journal, 69, 2769-76.
Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. (various years). Jinko Dotai Tokei Tokushu Hokoku. Tokyo: Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare.
Motohashi, Y. (1991). Effects of Socioeconomic Factors on Secular Trends in Suicide in Japan: 1953-1986, Journal of Biosocial Science, 23, 221-227.
Motohashi, Y., Kaneko, Y., and Sasaki, H. (2004). Community-Based Suicide Prevention Program in Japan Using a Health Promotion Approach, Health and Preventive Medicine, 9, 3-8.
Neumayer E. (2003). Socioeconomic factors and suicide rates at large unit aggregate levels: A comment, Urban Studies, 40, 276
Putnam, R. (2000). Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: A Touchstone Book.
Rodríguez, A. (2005). Income inequality, unemployment, and suicide: a panel data analysis of 15 European countries, Applied Economics, 37, 439-51.
Viren, M. (1996). Suicide and business cycles: Finnish evidence, Applied Economics Letters, 3, 737-38.
Watanabe, R., Furukawa, M. and Nakamura.R, and Ogura, Y. (2006). Analysis of the Socioeconomic Difficulties affecting the Suicide Rate in Japan. KIER Discussion Paper Series No. 626.
Yamamura, E. (2007). Diffusion of Home Computers and Social Networks: A Study using Japanese Panel Data, Forthcoming in Applied Economics Letters.
Yang, B. (1992). The economy and suicide: A time-series study of the U.S.A, American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 51, 87-99.
Yang, B., Sark.S, and Lester, D. (1992). Suicide and unemployment: predicting the smoothed trend and yearly fluctuations, Journal of Socio-Economics, 21, 39-41.
Yang, B, and Lester, D. (1995). Suicide, homicide and unemployment, Applied Economics Letters, 2, 278-79.