Yamamura, Eiji (2008): Comparison of neighborhood trust between generations in a racially homogeneous society: A case study from Japan.
Download (344kB) | Preview
Using Japanese prefecture-level data for the years 1979 and 1996, I explore the extent to which inequality, age heterogeneity, and human capital have an effect upon neighborhood trust, which is ordinarily considered as a kind of particularized trust. The major findings are as follows: (1) Income inequality is associated with low trust for both young and the old generations. (2) Age homogeneity and education have a detrimental effect on trust. However, this tendency is not observed when the sample includes older-generation respondents only. These results are not changed when I instrument for inequality and per capita income using the relative size of the mature-aged cohort and the occurrence of natural disasters. It follows that neighborhood trust contains mixed features of generalized and particularized trust.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Comparison of neighborhood trust between generations in a racially homogeneous society: A case study from Japan.|
|Keywords:||Trust; Inequality; Age Heterogeneity; Social Capital|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D3 - Distribution > D30 - General
Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics; Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology > Z13 - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification
|Depositing User:||eiji yamamura|
|Date Deposited:||30. Aug 2008 09:26|
|Last Modified:||19. Feb 2013 07:56|
Alesina, A., & La Ferrara, E. (2000). Participation in heterogeneous communities. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 115, 847-904.
Alesina, A., & La Ferrara, E. (2002). Who trust others? Journal of Public Economics, 85, 207-234.
Annen, K. (2001). Inclusive and exclusive social capital in the small-firm sector in developing countries. Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, 157, 319-330.
Asahi Shimbun. (2004). Minryoku: TODOFUKEN-BETSU MINRYOKU SOKUTEI SHIRYOSHU (CD-ROM edition), Asahi-Newspaper, Tokyo.
Asanuma, B. (1989). Manufacture-supplier relationships in Japan and the concept of relation specific skill. Journal of Japanese & International Economics, 3, 1-30.
Baltagi, B. (2005). Econometric Analysis of Panel Data, John Wiley and Sons, West Sussex. Bansfield,E.C. (1958). The moral basis of a backward society, New York: Free Press.
Barr, A. (2003). Trust and expected trustworthiness: experimental evidence from Zimbabwean villages. Economic Journal, 113, 614-630.
Beugelsdijk, S., de Groot, H.L.F., & van Schaik. (2004). Trust and economic growth: a robustness analysis. Oxford Economic Papers, 56, 118-134.
Berggren, N., & Jordahl, H. (2006). Free to trust: economic freedom and social capital. Kyklos, 59, 141-169.
Bjørnskov, C. (2003). The happy few. Cross country evidence on social capital and life satisfaction. Kyklos, 56, 3-16.
Bjørnskov, C. (2006). Determinants of generalized trust: A cross-country comparison. Public Choice, 130, 1-21.
Buchan, N., & Crosson, R. (2004). The boundaries of trust: Own and other’s actions in the US and China, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 55, 485-504.
Carpenter, J.P.., Daniere, A.G., & Takahashi, L.M. (2004). Cooperation, trust, and social capital in southeast Asian urban slums. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 55, 533-551.
Casella,A & Rauch, J. E., (2002). Anonymous market and group ties in international trade. Journal of International Economics, 58, 19-47.
Cassar, A., Crowley, L., and Wydick, B. (2007). The effect of social capital on group loan repayment: Evidence from field experiments. Economic Journal, 117, F85-F106.
Chan, K.S. (2007). Trade, social values, and the generalized trust. Southern Economic Journal, 73, 733-753.
Connolly, S., & Hargreaves Heap, S. (2007). Cross country differences in trust in television and the governance of public broadcasters, Kyklos, 60, 3-14.
Danielson, A.J., & Holm, H.J. (2007). Do you trust your brethren? Eliciting trust attitudes and trust behavior in a Tanzanian congregation. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 62, 225-271.
Fukao, K., & Yue, X. (2000). Regional Factor Inputs and Convergence in Japan: How Much Can We Apply Closed Economy Neoclassical Growth Models? (in Japanese), Economic Review, 51, 136-151.
Fukuyama, F. (1995). Trust: the social virtues and creation of prosperity. London: Hamish Hamilton.
Goto, I. (2001). Tracing the origin of the communal fire-fighting team: Communal fire- fighting team in the 21th century (Shobo-dan no Genkryu o Tadoru: 21seki no Shobo-dan no Arikata). Tokyo: Kindaishobo-sha.
Glaeser, E.L., Laibson, D., Scheinkman, J.A., & Soutter, C.L. (2000). Measuring Trust. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 115, 811-846.
Gustavsson, M., & Jordahl, H. (2008). Inequality and trust in Sweden: Some inequalities are more harmful than others. Journal of Public Economics, 92, 348-365.
Hayami, Y. (2001). Development economics: From poverty to the wealth of nations. (second edition). New York: Oxford University Press.
Helliwell, J. F. (2003). How’s life? Combining individual and national variables to explain subjective well-being. Economic Modeling, 20, 331-360.
Helliwell, J. F. (2006). Well-being, social capital and public policy: What’s new?. Economic Journal, 116, C34-C45.
Holm, J.H., & Danielson, A. (2005). Tropic trust versus Nordic trust: Experimental evidence from Tanzania and Sweden. Economic Journal, 115,505-532.
Index Corporation. (2006). Chiiki toukei 2006 (CD-ROM edition), Index corporation, Tokyo. Japan Broadcasting Corporation ( Nihon hoso kyokai ), 1979; 1996. Zenkoku kenmin ishiki chosa.
Kawachi, I., Kennedy, B., & Lchner, K. (1997). Social capital, income inequality, and mortality. American Journal of Public Health, 87, 1491-1498.
Kingdom, G.G., & Knight, J. (2007). Community, comparisons and subjective well-being in a divided society. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 64, 69-90.
Knack, S. & Keefer, P. (1997). Does social capital have an economic payoff? A cross-country investigation. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 114, 83-116.
Knack, S. (1997).Groups, growth and trust: Cross-country evidence one the Olson and Putnam hypothesis. Public Choice, 117, 341-355.
Kranton, R., & Minehart, D. (2001). A Theory of buyer-seller networks, American Economic Review, 91, 485-508.
Lassen, D.D. (2007). Ethnic divisions, trust, and the size of the informal sector. Journal of economic behavior and organization,63, 423-438.
Leigh, A. (2006a). Does equality lead to fraternity? Economics letters, 93, 121-125.
Leigh, A. (2006b). Trust, inequality, and ethnic heterogeneity, Economic Record, 82, 268-280.
Putnam, R. (1993). Making democracy work. Civic traditions in modern Italy. Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press.
Putnam, R. (2000). Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community, A Touchstone Book, New York.
Rauch, J.E., (2001). Business and Social Networks in International Trade, Journal of Economic Literature, 39,1177-1203.
Rauch,J.E., & Trindade,V. (2002). Ethnic Chinese Networks In International Trade, Review of Economics & Statistics, 84,116-130.
Schechter, L. (2007). Traditional trust measurement and the risk confound: an experiment in rural Paraguay. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 62, 271-292.
Statistics Bureau of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. (various year). Zenkoku shohi zhittai chosa. Tokyo: Statistics Bureau of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications.
Tachibanaki, T. (2005). Confronting income inequality in Japan: A comparative analysis of causes, consequences, reform. MIT Press, London.
Uslaner, E. M. (2002). The Moral Foundations of Trust, Cambridge University Press, New York.
Whiteley, P. (2000). Economic growth and social capital. Political Studies, 48, 443-466.
Yamagishi, A., Cook, K.S., & Watanabe, M. (1998). Uncertainty, trust, and commitment formation in the United States and Japan. American Journal of Sociology, 104, 165-194.
Yamagishi, T., & Yamagishi, M. (1994). Trust and commitment in the United States and Japan. Motivation and Emotion, 18, 129-166.
Yamamura, E. (2005). Social capital, human Capital, and the dynamics of learning: The case of the development and the transformation garment industry in Bingo region (in Japanese).Economic Review, 56, 111-122.
Vigdor, J.L. (2004). Community composition and collective action: Analyzing initial mail response to the 2000 census. Review of Economics and Statistics, 86, 303-312.
Zak, P.J. & Knack, S. (2001). Trust and growth. Economic Journal, 111, 295-321.