Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Taxation, infrastructure, and endogenous trade costs in New Economic Geography

Gruber, Stefan and Marattin, Luigi (2008): Taxation, infrastructure, and endogenous trade costs in New Economic Geography.

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Abstract

This paper presents a New Economic Geography model with distortionary taxation and endogenized trade costs. Tax revenues finance a public good, infrastructure. We show that the introduction of costly public investment in infrastructure increases agglomerative tendencies. With respect to the regions' sizes, in the periphery, the price-index for manufacturing goods decreases, whereas for the core, the price-index is rather high since the distortionary effect of taxes dominates. 'Free riding' - or, in terms of regional policy, externally funded infrastructure investment - is beneficial for the periphery, which can devote all its tax revenue to local demand support, generating a positive home market effect and driving the catch-up process.

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