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Monetary Policy under Rule-of-Thumb Consumers and External Habits: An International Empirical Comparison

Dibartolomeo, Giovanni and Rossi, Lorenza and Tancioni, Massimiliano (2004): Monetary Policy under Rule-of-Thumb Consumers and External Habits: An International Empirical Comparison.

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Abstract

This paper develops a simple New Keynesian Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium (DSGE) model with rule-of-thumb consumers and external habits. Our theoretical model has a closed-form solution which allows the analytical derivation of its dynamical and stability properties. These properties are analyzed and discussed in the light of their implications for the efficacy and the calibration of the conduct of the monetary policy. The model is then evaluated empirically, employing numerical simulations based on Monte Carlo Bayesian estimates of the structural parameters and impulse response analyses based on weakly identified SVECMs. The estimates are repeated for each of the G7 national economies. Providing single country estimates and simulations, we derive some indications on the relative efficacy of monetary policy and of its potential asymmetric effects resulting from the heterogeneity of the estimated models.

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