Osipian, Ararat (2008): Introducing Vouchers and Standardized Tests for Higher Education in Russia: Expectations and Measurements.
Download (138kB) | Preview
The reform of higher education in Russia, based on standardized tests and educational vouchers, was intended to reduce inequalities in access to higher education. The initiative with the vouchers has failed and by now is already forgotten while the national test is planned to be introduced nationwide in 2009. The national test called to replace the present corrupt system of entry examinations has experienced numerous problems so far and will likely have even more problems in the future. This paper analyses the reform and suggests a methodology of measuring effects of the reform on access to higher education.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Introducing Vouchers and Standardized Tests for Higher Education in Russia: Expectations and Measurements|
|Keywords:||higher education, inequalities, reform, standardized test, voucher, Russia|
|Subjects:||P - Economic Systems > P2 - Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies > P21 - Planning, Coordination, and Reform
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Institutions > I28 - Government Policy
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Institutions > I22 - Educational Finance ; Financial Aid
|Depositing User:||Ararat Osipian|
|Date Deposited:||14. Oct 2008 04:33|
|Last Modified:||09. Mar 2015 18:16|
Adamskiy, A. (2002). Ediny ekzamen: mezhdu rezul’tatami I perspectivami [General Examination: Between the Results and Perspectives]. Pervoe Sentiabria, 4.
Bondarev, M. (2002). Nado botrot’sya s poddelkoy i verit’ v rezul’tat [It is necessary to fight fraud and to believe in the results]. Uchitel’skaia Gazeta, September 24, 39, p. 11.
BPC. (2007). Vysshee obrazovanie v Kyrgyzstane: Problemy i perspektivy [Higher Education in Kyrgyzstan: Problems and Perspectives]. Bishkek Press Club. February 19, 2007. Retrieved March 24, 2007 from http://www.bpc.kg/index.php?area=1&p=news&newsid=843
Cohen, D., & Garet, M. (1991). Reforming Educational Policy with Applied Social Research. In D. Anderson and B. Biddle (Eds.). Knowledge for Policy: Improving Education through Research. London: Falmer Press.
Corruption Process in Russia: Level, Structure, Trends. In G. Satarov (Ed.). Diagnostics of Corruption in Russia: 2001-2005. INDEM Foundation. Retrieved May 12, 2006, from http://www.indem.ru/en/publicat/2005diag_engV.htm
Filippov, V. (2001). Vysshaya shkola Rossii pered vyzovami 21-go veka [Russian higher education facing the challenges of the 21st century]. Vysshee Obrazovanie v Rossii, 1, pp. 5-15.
Glebov, U. (2007). Centr korruptsii smestilsia v shkoly [Center of corruption shifted to secondary schools]. ExpressNovosti. February 16, 2007. Retrieved March 24, 2007 from http://www.expressnews.by/modules.php?name=news&file=article&sid=2181
Kniazev, E. (2002). Coping with the New Challenges in Managing a Russian University. Higher Education Management and Policy, 14(1), pp. 109-126.
Kolesov, V. (2002). O Vaucherizacii vysshego obrazovanija [About Voucherization of Higher Education]. Moscow: MGU. Retrieved December 24, 2002, from http://www.econ.msu.ru/dp.php3?id=254
Konstantinovskiy, D. (2001). Analysis of Accessibility of Higher Education: Program of the Research. Project Proposal. Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation, Moscow.
Kuzminov, Y., et al. (2002). Modernization of Russian Education: Governmental Individual Financial Obligations. Moscow: New School of Economics. Retrieved October 12, 2002, from www.ege.ru/vuzege/vuz.pl?page=
Lemutkima, M. (2006). Ediny Ekzamen poshel na peresdachu [The national test goes to retest]. Gazeta.ru. Retrieved December 30, 2006, from http://www.ht.ru/prof/ucheba/ege2006.html
MacWilliams, B. (2007). Russian Parliament Approves New Test Designed to Standardize University Admissions. The Chronicle of Higher Education. February 5, p. A22.
Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, Osnovnye pokazateli deyatel’nosti uchrezhdenij vysshego professional’nogo obrazovaniya [Major Indicators of the Higher Education System], Retrieved March 23, 2007 from http://www.ed.gov.ru/uprav/stat/1846/
Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine. Higher Education Institutions of Ukraine, database. Retrieved March 23, 2007 from http://www.education.gov.ua/pls/edu/educ.hei.eng
Oberemko, O. (2006). Platnoe vysshee obrazovanie: avansy institutsional’nyh izmenenij. [For-fee higher education: advancements of the institutional changes]. Mimeo. Moscow: State University Russian School of Economics. Retrieved March 9, 2007 from http://18.104.22.168/search?q=cache:2o7JoXAH9NYJ:isek.hse.ru/docs/oberemenko.doc+...
RBC. (2007). Novosti obrazovanija: rossijskie vuzy gubit korruptsiya [Education News: Russian HEIs Suffer with Corruption]. September 20, 2003. Retrieved March 24, 2007 from http://www.curator.ru/news/news_180.html
RIA Novosti. (2004). Minobrazovaniya priznaet nalichie korruptsii v sisteme obrazovaniya [Ministry of Education admits presence of corruption in the system of educaiton]. RIA Novosti, February 22, 2004. Retrieved March 24, 2007 from http://www.zarplata.ru/n-id-4109.html
Reforma finansirovaniya obrazovaniya otdel’nyh vuzov v 2002-2003 godu [The Reform of Education Financing of Some Higher Education Institutions in 2002-2003]. (2002). Uchitel’skaja Gazeta, 4. Retrieved January 22, 2002, from http://ege.ru/pressa/jan2002/ug_4.htm
Rossi, P., Freeman, H., & Lipsey, M. (1999). Evaluation: A Systematic Approach. 6th Edition. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Rudenko, S. (2002). Lipy ne budet. Na strazhe – politsiya kachestva [There will be no fraud – the “quality police” is on guard]. Uchitel' skaia Gazeta, December, 52. Retrieved March 23, 2007 from www.ug.ru
Russian Federation Education Reform Project. (2001). Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.
Sadovnichiy, V. (2001). About the Reform and Corruption in Higher Education. NTV. Retrieved October 3, 2001, from www.ntvru.com/russia/03Oct2001/sadovnichiy_bribe.html
Scriven, M. (1991). Beyond Formative and Summative Evaluation. In M. McLaughlin and D. C. Phillips (Eds.). Evaluation and Education: At Quarter Century. Nineties Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education, Part II. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Slavina, N. (2002). Vaucher na obrazovanie [Voucher for Education]. Rossijskaja Gazeta. Retrieved January 23, 2002, from www.ege.ru/pressa/jan2002/rg_13htm
Sandgren, A. (2002). Entrepreneurialism in Russian Universities. SRHE International News, 50, pp. 10-12.
Sergeev, I. (2002). Mikser dlia kuharkinyh detey [A mixer for kitchen-servant’s children], Moskovskii Komsomolets, January 10, 5, p. 4. Retrieved March 24, 2007 from http://www.mk.ru/newshop/search.asp
Smolentseva, A. (2000). Bridging the Gap Between Higher and Secondary Education in Russia. International Higher Education, 19, pp. 20-21.
Smolentseva, A. (2002). Reforming Admissions in Russian Higher Education. International Higher Education, 29, pp. 17-18.
The Development Strategy of the Russian Federation Till 2010. (2000). Moscow: Government of the Russian Federation.
Weiss, C. (1972). Evaluation Research: Methods for Assessing Program Effectiveness. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.