Rena, Ravinder and Tesfy, Ghirmai (2006): POVERTY AND MICROFINANCE IN ERITREA – A DISCOURSE. Published in: The Global Journal of Finance and Economics , Vol. 4, No. 2 (18. September 2007): pp. 147-161.
Download (96Kb) | Preview
The poverty levels in Eritrea are alarming. In the light of the escalating nature of poverty, there is an urgent need for a poverty alleviation initiative to reduce miseries of the majority of the poor. An attempt is made in this paper to analyse the incidence of poverty in the country with a particular focus on Agriculture. It also shed a light on the agriculture sector and its crucial role in providing 75 per cent jobs to its people. The paper also delves with the microfinance institutions particularly the Saving and Micro Credit Porgramme and its impact in reducing the poverty. It concludes that microfinance has strong capacity to drive economic growth and poverty reduction in Eritrea.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||POVERTY AND MICROFINANCE IN ERITREA – A DISCOURSE|
|Keywords:||Poverty, Eritrea, agriculture extension, agriculture technology, Microfinance|
|Subjects:||N - Economic History > N8 - Micro-Business History > N87 - Africa; Oceania
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture > Q12 - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture > Q18 - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty > I32 - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
|Depositing User:||Ravinder Rena|
|Date Deposited:||14. Oct 2008 04:54|
|Last Modified:||14. Feb 2013 14:50|
Abena, D. Oduro and Nii K. Sowa (2002), Poverty Measurement and Diagnostic. Presentation on Poverty Measurement Workshop, Nairobi: Kenya.
Bardhan, P., (1984), The Political Economy of Development in India. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Beneria, Lourdes and Savitri Bisnath. (1996), Gender and Poverty: An Analysis for Action Gender in Development Monograph Series, 2, New York: UNDP.
Bhagavan, M.R. (1984), Technological Transformation of Developing Countries. Swedish Agency for Research Cooperation with Developing Countries.
Bhagwati, Jagdish (2001), Growth, Poverty and Reforms. Economic and Political Weekly (15 May).
Dantwala, M.L., (1979), Agriculture Policy in India Since Independence. In C. H. Shah (ed.), Agriculture Development of India: Poverty and Problems, New Delhi: Orient Longman.
Dantwala, M.L., (1986), Technology Growth and Equity. In J.W. Meller and G. Desai (sds.) Agricultural Change and Rural Poverty, Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Center.
FAO (1996), Rome Declaration on World Food Security. Rome: World Food Summit.
FAO (2002), The State of Food and Agriculture. Rome: Food and Agricultural Organisaation.
Hartwig de Haen (2001), The Impact of Globalisation and Trade Liberalisation on Food Security. Stockholm, Sweden, 14-16 October 2001.
Gema PKM Indonesia. (2002), Poverty and Microfinance. Jakarta: Gema PKM Indonesia.
Government of Eritrea (1994), Macro Policy Document. Asmara, Eritrea: Government Press.
Government of Eritrea. Eritrea (2004a), Eritrea: Interim Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (I-PRSP), Ministry of National Development, Asmara, the State of Eritrea.
Government of Eritrea. Eritrea (2004b), Food Security Strategy. Ministry of National Development, Asmara, the State of Eritrea.
Ministry of Agriculture (1997), Agriculture and Livestock Policy. Tanzania: Government Printer.
Ministry of Health (1992), The Food and Nutritional Policy for Tanzania. Tanzania: Government Printer.
Mlawa, H.M. (1995), Technology Policies for Development in Eastern Africa. DUP, Dar es Salaam – Tanzania.
Molnar, J. and Clonts, H.A. (eds.) (1983), Transferring Food Production Technology to Developing Countries, Epping: Bowker.
Rena, Ravinder (2004), Green Revolution: Indian Agricultural Experience – A Paradigm for Eritrea. New Jersey, USA: Eritrean Studies Review, 4(1), 103-130.
Rena, Ravinder (2005a), Challenges for Food Security in Eritrea: A Descriptive and Qualitative Analysis. African Development Review, 17(2), 193-212.
Rena, Ravinder (2005b), “Famines in Africa – A Case Study on Niger” United Kingdom: African Business and Information Services Website: posted on 12th October, 2005 (Retrieved on 28 May 2006) http://www.afbis.com/articles/articles/11012075034.html ,
Rena, Ravinder (2006a), Hand Book on the Eritrean Economy: Problems and Prospects for Development, Dar Es Salaam (Tanzania): New Africa Press.
Rena, Ravinder (2006b), Financial Institutions in Eritrea, Dar Es Salaam (Tanzania): New Africa Press.
Savings and Micro Credit Program (2006), Annual Report, Asmara, Eritrea: Savings and Micro Credit Program.
Sen, Amartya (1981), Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
http://www.un.org/esa/africa/microfinanceinafrica.pdf#search='poverty%20eradication%20in%20africa' Retrieved on February 21, 2006.
http://www.uneca.org/estnet/Ecadocuments/Emerging%20Issues%20in%20ST%20FS.htm Retrieved on February 26, 2006.
http://www.ifpri.org/divs/dsgd/dp/papers/dsgdp20.pdf#search='poverty%20ratio%20in%20Ethiopia' Retrieved on March 11, 2006.