Bardasi, Elena and Wodon, Quentin (2006): Poverty Reduction from Full Employment: A Time Use Approach. Published in: Gender, Time Use, and Poverty in sub-Saharan Africa (edited by Mark Blackden and Quentin Wodon, World Bank Working Paper) (January 2006): pp. 119-134.
Download (658kB) | Preview
Despite long working hours, for many household members, and especially women, underemployment is nevertheless affecting a large share of the population in many developing countries. Using data on time use, wages, and consumption levels from a recent household survey for Guinea, this paper provides a simple framework for assessing the potential impact on poverty and inequality of an increase in the working hours of the population up to what is referred to as a full employment workload. The framework provides for a decomposition of the contribution to higher household consumption of an increase in working hours for both men and women. The key message is that job creation and full employment would lead to a significant reduction in poverty, even at the relatively low current levels of wages and earnings enjoyed by the population. However, even at full employment levels, poverty would remain massive, and the higher workload that the full employment scenario would entail would be significant.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Poverty Reduction from Full Employment: A Time Use Approach|
|Keywords:||Time use; labor supply; poverty; intrahousehold allocation|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J22 - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty > I32 - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J16 - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
|Depositing User:||Quentin Wodon|
|Date Deposited:||14. Oct 2008 04:34|
|Last Modified:||02. Mar 2013 09:25|
Bardasi, E., and Q. Wodon. 2005. “Measuring Time Poverty and Analyzing its Determinants: Concepts and Application to Guinea.” Mimeo, World Bank, Washington, DC.
Blackden, C.M., and C. Bhanu. 1999. Gender, Growth, and Poverty Reduction. Special Program of Assistance for Africa 1998 Status Report on Poverty, World Bank Technical Paper No. 428, Washington, D.C.
Buvinic, M., and G. Rao Gupta. 1997. “Female-Headed Households and Female-Maintained Families: Are They Worth Targeting to Reduce Poverty in Developing Countries.” Economic Development and Cultural Change 45:2, 259–280.
Calvès, A.-E., and B. Schoumaker. 2004. “Deteriorating economic context and changing patterns of youth employment in urban Burkina Faso: 1980–2000.” World Development 32:1341–1354.
Charmes, J. 2005. “A Review of Empirical Evidence on Time Use in Africa from UN-sponsored Surveys.” Mimeo, World Bank, Washington, DC.
Dercon, S., and P. Krishnan. 2000. “Vulnerability, Seasonality and Poverty in Ethiopia.” Journal of Development Studies 36:25–53.
Ellis, F. 2000. “The Determinants of Rural Livelihood Diversification in Developing Countries.” Journal of Agricultural Economics 51:289–302.
Kanwar, S. 2004. “Seasonality and Wage Responsiveness in a Developing Agrarian Economy.” Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 66:189–204.
Skoufias, E. 1993. “Seasonal Labor Utilization in Agriculture: Theory and Evidence from Agrarian Households in India.” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 75:20–32.
Wodon, Q., and K. Beegle. 2005. “Labor Shortages Despite Underemployment? Seasonality in Time Use in Malawi.” Mimeo, World Bank, Washington, DC.
World Bank. 2001. Engendering Development: Through Gender Equality in Rights, Resources, and Voice. World Bank Policy Research Report, Washington, D.C.