Kukenova, Madina and Monteiro, Jose-Antonio (2008): Does Lax Environmental Regulation Attract FDI when accounting for "third-country" effects?
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This paper investigates if differences in environmental regulations can influence FDI flows in a multi-country setting taking into account the so-called "third-country" effects. We examine bilateral FDI flows using a new extended OECD investment database which covers great number of host countries and a long sample period (1981-2005). The findings based on a spatial gravity-like model are largely plausible across specifications and confirm the existence of a negative relationship between FDI and environmental stringency, once we correct for endogeneity and spatial dependence. The evidence of a positive "third-country" effect for FDI suggests the prevalence of complex FDI from developed to developing countries. The spatial structure of the model allows also to underline the possible existence of competition in environmental standards between countries to attract FDI.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Does Lax Environmental Regulation Attract FDI when accounting for "third-country" effects?|
|Keywords:||Complex FDI; Pollution Haven; Spatial Econometrics|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F18 - Trade and Environment
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q56 - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C3 - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables > C31 - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
F - International Economics > F1 - Trade
F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F21 - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
|Depositing User:||Jose-Antonio Monteiro|
|Date Deposited:||01. Nov 2008 01:59|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 03:44|
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