Wempi, Saputra and Budhi, Setiawan and Erkata, Yandri (2008): Indonesian Trainees in Japanese SMEs, Capital Accumulation and Micro-Small Business Development in Indonesia: A Preliminary Study.
Download (374Kb) | Preview
Indonesia is one of the world important suppliers of young trainees in Japan. We present a preliminary study’s result on Indonesian trainees in Japanese SMEs and their potential to develop micro-small business in Indonesia. This paper utilizes three step approaches. First, an online survey of potency of Indonesian trainees in Japan has been conducting since October 2007 followed up by a Japan-wide Entrepreneurship and Banking Trainings (PWEP). Second, web-based business start-ups consultation forums for Indonesian trainees have been conducted since January 2008 followed up by networking creation with Bank of Indonesia. Third, a key performance indicator of business proposed and money invested was developed. We report three main findings: first, over 70% of Indonesian trainees were working at manufacturing-based Japanese SMEs and might acquire a necessary human capital in developing micro-small manufacturing-based business start-ups. In addition, more than 60% of them could save their income at least 25-40% of their total monthly income, suggested that capital foundation required for business creation might then be compromised. Second, the structural constraint of unmonitored Indonesian trainees might cause problems in which—after having cultural distress while working in Japan and less conducive condition in managing their capital after returning to Indonesia—the potential to become an law-breaking overstay workers is considerably high and might cause a more sophisticated problem in the future. Third, the importance of directing step for Indonesian trainees who are interested in creating businesses and key performance indicators for measuring its achievement are acknowledged.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Indonesian Trainees in Japanese SMEs, Capital Accumulation and Micro-Small Business Development in Indonesia: A Preliminary Study|
|Keywords:||Indonesian trainees, Japanese SMEs, PWEP, capital accumulation, key performance indicator, compliance meter|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies > J61 - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J24 - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
L - Industrial Organization > L2 - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior > L26 - Entrepreneurship
|Date Deposited:||11. Nov 2008 03:45|
|Last Modified:||16. Feb 2013 08:12|
1. Association for International Manpower Development of Medium and Small Enterprises, Japan. IMM Japan Official website: http://www.imm.or.jp
2. Goto, Mineo (General Manager of IMM Japan, Tokyo Office), “A welcoming Speech on Entrepreneurship and Banking Training for Indonesian Trainees in Japan (PWEP)”, Gifu city, January 6, 2008.
3. Hurights Osaka. 1996. “Migrant Workers and Human Rights.” http://www.hurights.or.jp/asia-pacific/no_04/02migrantwand.htm
4. Japan International Training Cooperation Organization (JITCO) Official website: http://www.jitco.or.jp
5. Kashiwazaki, Chikako. 2002. “Feature Story: Japan’s Resilient Demand for Foreign Workers.” Migration Information Source, May 2002. www.migrationinformation.org/feature/display.cfm?ID=8
6. Kompas Cyber Media, June 3, 2008 edition, “Trainee Indonesia Di Jepang Capai 5.000 Orang Per Tahun”. http://www.kompas.com/read/xml/2008/06/03/11405733/trainee.indonesia.di.jepang.capai.5.000.orang.per.tahun
7. Mori, Hiromi. 1995. “Migrant Workers and Labor Market Segmentation in Japan.” Asian and Pacific Migration Journal 5 (2-3): 241-264.
8. Nagayama, Toshikazu. 1996. “Foreign Workers Recruiting Policies in Japan.” Asian and Pacific Migration Journal 3 (4): 619-637.
9. Ogino, Yoshihiro (2008), “Japan to welcome Indonesian Trainees”, The Asahi Shimbun, February 13, 2008.
10. Ohno, Takushi et al. 2001. “New Age Migration in Asia.” Asahi Shimbun Asia Network. Annual Reports: Report 2001. http://www.asahi.com/english/asianet/report/eng_report/_2001.html
11. Oishi, Nana. 1995. “Training or Employment? Japanese Immigration Policy in Dilemma.” Asian and Pacific Migration Journal 4 (2-3): 367-385.
12. Romdiati, Haning (2003), “Indonesian Migrant Workers in Japan: Typology and Human Rights”, paper presented at CSEAS, Kyoto University. http://kyotoreview.cseas.kyoto-u.ac.jp/issue/issue3/article_293.html
13. Watanabe, Osamu, “Indonesia in the Era of East Asian Economic Integration: Toward Reinventing Indonesia’s Industrial Competitiveness”, Keynote Speech as Chairman and CEO of JETRO at the Symposium on Reinventing Indonesia’s Industrial Competitiveness In Jakarta, Indonesia on March 1st, 2005.
14. Working Group for Technology Transfer (WGTT), “Online Survey on The Potency of Indonesian Trainees in Japan”, 2007.
15. -------------- “Capacity Building and Technology Transfer survey on PWEP Saga and Nagoya”, 2008.