Fugazza, Marco (2007): A new geography of preferences for Sub-Saharan African countries in a globalizing trading system.
Download (90kB) | Preview
Trade between developing countries, or South-South trade, has been growing rapidly in recent years following significant reductions in tariffs. However, significant barriers remain, and there is currently reluctance among many developing countries to undertake further reductions. In addition African countries and in particular least developed African countries are still marginal players in this reframing of geography of trade. The erosion of preferential access to Northern markets remains their major concern and the status quo in multilateral liberalization could be seen as a desirable scenario. This emphasis on developed countries markets, principally Europe and the US, is likely to represent a missed opportunity for African countries. Unless those countries are granted broader preferences by the European Union and other developed countries, especially in agriculture, significant gains would be obtained from trade preferences provided by other developing countries. To assess this we compare the potential effects of the removal of barriers on trade between African countries and other developing countries with the gains from developed country liberalization. A general equilibrium model containing information on preferential bilateral tariffs is used to estimate the impacts.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||A new geography of preferences for Sub-Saharan African countries in a globalizing trading system|
|Keywords:||Africa, Exports, Market Access, Preferences|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F13 - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
D - Microeconomics > D5 - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium > D58 - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
|Depositing User:||Marco Fugazza|
|Date Deposited:||15. Nov 2008 03:59|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 19:50|
Anderson K., W. Martin and D. van der Mensbrugghe, 2005. "Market Welfare Implications of Doha Reform Scenarios". In Anderson, K. and W. Martin (eds.) Agricultural trade reform & the Doha Development Agenda. Chapter 12. Washington, DC / Houndsmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire (UK) World Bank / Palgrave/Macmillan
Bouët, A., Fontagné, L. and Jean, S., 2006. "Is erosion of tariff preferences a serious concern?". In Anderson, K. and W. Martin (eds.) Agricultural trade reform & the Doha Development Agenda. Chapter 6.
Bouët A., S. Mevel and D. Orden, 2006. "More or Less Ambition in the Doha Round? Winners and losers from trade liberlaization with a development perspective", unpublished manuscript, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, D.C.
Charlton A. and J. E. Stiglitz, 2006. "Aid for Trade", Aussenwirtschaft, 61:2, pp 143-156. Commission for Africa, 2005. "Our Common Interest", Penguin Books, London.
Curran L., Nilsson L. and G. Frontini, 2006. "Multilateral Trade Liberlaization and the Potential for Preference Erosion on the EU Market", unpublished manuscript, European Commission, Bruxelles.
Fugazza, M. 2004. "Export Performance and Its determinants: Supply and Demand Constraints", Policy Issues in International Trade and Commodities Study Series No.26. UNCTAD, New York and Geneva.
Fugazza M. and D. Vanzetti, 2006. "A South-South Survival Strategy: The potential for trade among developing countries", Policy Issues in International Trade and Commodities Study Series No.33. UNCTAD, New York and Geneva
Fugazza M. and R., Peters, 2005. ‘Deepening and Broadening Preferential Access for Sub-Saharan Africa: Results from General Equilibrium Analysis.’ UNCTAD Note prepared for the Report of Commission for Africa, 2005.
Hertel, T., Ianchovichina, E. and McDonald, B. (1997) 'Multi-region general equilibrium modeling', in Francois, J. and Reinert, K. (Eds) Applied Methods for Trade Policy Analysis, Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom.
Hoekman B and S. Prowse, 2005. "Economic Policy Response to Preference Erosion: From Trade as Aid to Aid for Trade ", World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3721.
Hoekman B and C. Özden, 2005. "Trade Preferences and Differential Treatment of Developing Countries: A Selective Survey", World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3566.
GTAP (Global Trade Analysis Project) 2005. http://www.gtap.org.
Jean S., D. Laborde and W. Martin, 2005, "Consequences of Alternative Formulas for Agricultural Tariff Cuts", CEPPI Working Paper No.05-15.
Low, P., Piermartini, R., and Richtering, J. 2005. "Multilateral Solutions to the Erosion of Non-Reciprocal Preferences in NAMA", World Trade Organization Economic Research and Statistics Division Working Paper ERSD-2005-05.
UNCTAD, 1964. Towards a New Trade Policy for Development, Report by the Secretary General of United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, United Nations, New York.
UNCTAD 2003. Back to Basics: Market Access Issues in the Doha Agenda, UNCTAD/DITC/TAB/Misc.9, Sales No.03.II.D.4, Geneva.
Venables A.J. and S. J. Redding, 2004. "Geography and Export Performance: External Market Access and Internal Supply Capacity". In Robert E. Baldwin and L. Alan Winters (eds), Challenges to Globalization: Analyzing the Economics, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
WITS/TRAINS 2004.. Database on International Trade and Tariffs, UNCTAD/World Bank, Geneva and Washington, DC.