Singh, Bhupal (2006): Cross-border workers’ remittances: Transmission channels and measurement issues in India.
Download (85kB) | Preview
The debate on appropriate measurement of workers’ remittances and the greater need for conceptual clarity about such statistics both for the compilers and the users raises certain important issues. First, lack of uniformity in properly identifying and measuring remittances of migrant workers constrains the scope of international comparability. For instance, in many countries translated in the form of transfers to residents as unrequited transfers. These country specific formats of remittance transfers and their inclusion in the remittance statistics need to be clearly recognized. Thus, the definitional issues need clarity to provide direction to the compiling counties to produce comparable statistics. Second, the experience of developing countries suggests that the survey method has its own limitations due to poor response of participants, particularly in a more liberalized environment. Even under the ITRS, the introduction of formats seeking disaggregated information does not ensure quality of data when respondents are either not cautious in classifying the detailed transactions or lack adequate skill to handle such information. Missing incentive systems for the reporting entities may also result in inadequate data quality. Third, is there a need for synthesizing statistics on remittances and the migration statistics? To what extent the migration statistics can keep pace with the requirements of compilation of remittances in terms of updated information, and attributes such as changing structure of migrant stocks, skill classification, average income levels, duration of stay etc. Possibility to develop an appropriate information system through coordinated efforts of migration authorities, immigration offices, the population census and the BoP compilers? The scope for sharing the host country statistics on immigration, which is presumably credible due to firm record of immigrants. Fourth, as many countries rely on the ITRS, it becomes extremely difficult to segregate between workers’ remittances and the compensation of employees by the reporting entities. The thin dividing line is conceptual rather than functional and more often the reporting entities do not have details on the period of stay.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Cross-border workers’ remittances: Transmission channels and measurement issues in India|
|Keywords:||Workers' remittances; transmission channels|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F22 - International Migration
F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F24 - Remittances
|Depositing User:||bhupal singh|
|Date Deposited:||20. Feb 2009 13:07|
|Last Modified:||20. Feb 2013 07:52|
1. Alfieri, A., Havinga, I. and V. Hvidsten (2005), “Definition of Remittances and Relevant BPM Flows”, Meeting of Technical Subgroup of the Task Force on International Trade in Services, Movement of Natural Persons –Mode 4, Paris, 31 January- 1 February.
2. El Qorchi, Mohammed, Samuel Munzele Maimbo and John F. Wilson (2003), "Informal Funds Transfer Systems An Analysis of the Informal Hawala System", A Joint IMF-World Bank Paper, IMF Occasional Paper No. 222.
3. International Monetary Fund (1995), Balance of Payments Manual, Fifth Edition.
4. Jadhav, Narendra (2003), ‘Maximizing Development Benefits of Migrant Remittances: The Indian Experience’, Paper presented at the International Conference on Migrant Remittances, Department for International Development and World Bank, London, October 9-10.
5. Jens, R. and N. Patterson (2005),“Remittances in the Balance of Payments Framework”, International Technical Meeting on Measuring Remittances, World Bank, Washington, January 24-25.
6. Lemaitre, G. (2004), “Migration Statistics and the Movement of Natural Persons under GATS mode 4”, Paper presented at the meeting of Technical Subgroup on Movement of Natural Persons under Mode 4, September.
7. Meyers, W.D. (1998), “Migrant Remittances to Latin America: Reviewing the Literature”, International Dialogue – The Tomas Rivera Policy Institute.
8. National Association of Software and Service Companies (2004), The IT Industry in India, Strategic Review 2004.
9. Nayyar, D. (1994), “Migration, Remittances and Capital Flows: The Indian Experience”, Oxford University Press.
10. Patra, M.D. and M. Kapur (2003), “India’s Workers Remittances: A User’s Lament About Balance of Payments Compilation”, sixteenth Meeting of the IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics, Washington D.C., December 1-5.
11. Singh, B., “Services Exports under Mode 4 of GATS: Exploratory Evidence from India”. Paper submitted to the Technical Subgroup of the United Nations Task Force on International Trade in Services on the Movement of Natural Persons – Mode 4, Paris, January 31-February 1, 2005. http://unstats.un.org.