Aloysius Gunadi, Brata (2007): Social Impact of Coffee Crisis on the Pasemah coffee farmers in South Sumatera.
Download (119kB) | Preview
In the last two decades, the world price of coffee has fallen significantly. The crisis has suffered millions of small coffee farmers in developing countries. However, in contrast to Latin America and Africa, studies on the impact of recent coffee crisis on the farmers tend to neglect Indonesia, one of the important coffee producing countries in Asia. The purpose of this paper is to assess the impact of recent coffee crisis on the Pasemah coffee farmers. The Pasemah highland, in Lahat District, located at the Coffee Triangle or Southern Coffee Belt, which stretches across the three provinces in Sumatera, namely South Sumatera, Lampung, and Bengkulu. This highland is one of the important coffee producing areas in Indonesia and has a long history of the coffee cultivation. This study indicates that the recent coffee crisis also have a serious impact on the coffee farmers’ daily life in the Pasemah highland. The crisis depressed farmers’ level of living. The farmers used various strategies to survive their life. They changed their consumption pattern, such as substituting Dji Sam Soe—an expensive cigarette—with Gandum—a very cheap one. The story of prosperous coffee farmers has ended since the end of 1980s. Rather than ‘tunggu dusun’ (waiting the village), some of the Pasemah coffee farmers chose to stop operating their coffee farms and looked for other informal jobs, or went to Jabotabek to be urban informal workers. Other farmers preferred to make crop diversification on their farms. However, producing coffee is still an important agricultural activity for most farmers in Pasemah.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Social Impact of Coffee Crisis on the Pasemah coffee farmers in South Sumatera|
|English Title:||Social Impact of Coffee Crisis on the Pasemah coffee farmers in South Sumatera|
|Keywords:||coffee crisis, smallholder, Pasemah, South Sumatera, Indonesia|
|Subjects:||Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics ; Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture > Q17 - Agriculture in International Trade
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O13 - Agriculture ; Natural Resources ; Energy ; Environment ; Other Primary Products
|Depositing User:||Aloysius Gunadi Brata|
|Date Deposited:||09. Jan 2009 06:38|
|Last Modified:||26. Apr 2015 00:35|
BPS Kabupaten Lahat 2006, Kabupaten Lahat Dalam Angka 2005-2006.
BPS Propinsi Sumatera Selatan 2006, Sumatera Selatan Dalam Angka 2005/2006.
BPS-Bappenas-UNDP. 2001. Indonesia Human Development Report 2001.
BPS-Bappenas-UNDP. 2004. Indonesia Human Development Report 2004.
Bennett, CPA & Godoy, RA 1992, ‘The Quality of Smallholder Coffee in South Sumatera: the Production of Low-Quality Coffee as a Response to World Demand’, Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, vol. 28, no. 1, pp 85-100.
Brown, GH 2004, ‘Making Coffee Good to the Last Drop: Laying the Foundation for Sustainability in the International Coffee Trade’, Georgetown International Environment Law Review, vol. 16, issue. 2, accessed 26 January 2006, from <http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3970/is_200401/ai_n9353820>
Budidarsono, S & Wijaya, K 2004, ’Praktek Konservasi Dalam Budidaya Kopi Robusta dan Keuntungan Petani’, Agrivita . 26(1): 107-117.
Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Kantor Wilayah Propinsi Sumatera Selatan, Bagian Proyek Penelitian Pengkajian dan Pembinaan Nilai-Nilai Budaya Sumatera Selatan 1992/1993, Sistem Upah Tradisional di Daerah Propinsi Sumatera Selatan.
Dick, H 2002, ‘State, Nation-State and National Economy’, in H Dick, VJH Houben, JT Lindblad and Thee Kian Wee (eds.), The Emergence of a National Economy: an Economic History of Indonesia, 1800-2000, Allen & Unwin (Crown Nest) – University of Hawai’s Press, Honolulu, pp. 9-55.
Hasmonel 2001, ‘Bagi Hasil Tanah Absentee (Studi Kasus di Dataran Tinggi Pasemah Kabupaten Lahat)’, Jurnal Studi Indonesia Vol. 11 No. 1: 61-70.
Herman 2004, ‘Kopi Indonesia di Kancah Perkopian Dunia’, accessed 8 August 2005, from <http://www.ipard.com/art_perkebun/oct20-04_her-I.asp>
Hutabarat, B 2004, ’Kondisi Pasar Dunia dan Dampaknya Terhadap Kinerja Industri Perkopian Nasional’, Jurnal Agro Ekonomi, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 147-166.
Kalo, S 2004, ‘Pencetus Timbulnya Sengketa Pertanahan Antara Masyarakat Versus Perkebunan di Sumatera Timur dari Zaman Kolonial Sampai Reformasi’, accessed 20 December 2006, from <http://library.usu.ac.id/download/fh/pidana-syafruddin7.pdf>
Kartodirdjo, S & Suryo, D 1994, Sejarah Perkebunan di Indonesia: Kajian Sosial Ekonomi, Aditya Media,Yogyakarta.
MacDowell, ME 2005, ‘Waking Up from the Coffee Crisis: Finding the path towards conservation, sustainability and justice’, Final Scholarly Paper, Sustainable Development and Conservation Biology, University of Maryland, accessed 4 July 2005, from <www.life.umd.edu/CONS/ Scholarly%20papers/MacDowell2004.pdf>
Marsden, W 1811, The History of Sumatera, accessed 10 August 2005, from <http://www.gutenberg.org/files/16768/16768-h/16768-h.htm>
McStoker, R 1987, ‘The Indonesian Coffee Industry, Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 40-69. OXFAM International 2002, ‘Mugged: Poverty in Your Coffee Cup’, accessed 21 January 2006, from <http://www.maketradefair.com>
Rice, R 2003, ‘Coffee Production in a Time of Crisis: Social and Environmental Connections’, SAIS Review, vol. 23, no. 1, accessed 26 October 2006, from <muse.jhu.edu/journals/sais_review/v023/23.1rice.pdf>
Siswoputranto, PS 1993, Kopi Internasional dan Indonesia, Kanisius, Yogyakarta.
Topik, S & Clarence-Smith, WG 2003, ‘Introduction: Coffee and Global Development’, in WG Clarence-Smith and S Topik (eds.), The Global Coffee Economy in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, 1590-1989, Cambridge University Press, pp. 1-20, accessed 4 February 2006, from <http://assets.cambridge.org/052181/8516/sample/0521818516ws.pdf>
Zed, M 2002, ’Ekonomi Dualistis Palembang pada Periode Kolonial Akhir’, in JT Lindblad (ed.), Fondasi Historis Ekonomi Indonesia, Pustaka Pelajar, Yogyakarta, pp. 294-312.