Mukherjee, Dipa (2008): Women Employment in The New Economy: Clouds and Some Sunshine. Published in: Indian Journal of Labour Economics , Vol. 51, No. 4 (December 2008)
Download (209Kb) | Preview
The last decade has witnessed greater participation of women in the labour market, especially in new arenas of economic activity. While opportunities have increased, traditional biases against women still exist, both while accepting women as workers and while wage setting. This paper explores the gender bias in the new economy in India and examines what part of it can be explained by differences in endowments and what part is due to discrimination. The New Economy has been identified in terms of high growth and high share in total employment in recent times. It is observed that women employment is growing faster than that of men, though the virtue of it is questionable because of lower wage payments. For a large part of the new economy a trade-off is observed between women employment expansion and their wage condition. There also exists an established sector where women have traditionally been accepted and are having stable employment and wage condition. In few sunrise sectors of the new economy women are enjoying both expanding employment and improving wage conditions. Though endowment plays a major role in determining absorption of workers, discrimination against women is also substantial leading to entry barrier. Most of the gender differences in wages are due to discrimination and only a small part is attributable to endowment gaps. This prompts for taking appropriate policies in the form of promotion of skill formation and mobilisation of women worker groups for better bargaining power.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Women Employment in The New Economy: Clouds and Some Sunshine|
|Keywords:||Gender Disparity; Employment; Wages; Occupational Choice; Decomposition; New Economy|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J3 - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs > J31 - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J21 - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J24 - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J7 - Labor Discrimination
|Depositing User:||Rajarshi Majumder|
|Date Deposited:||15. Jan 2009 14:49|
|Last Modified:||15. Feb 2013 14:47|
Anker, R (1998), Gender and Jobs: Sex Segregation of Occupations in the World, ILO, Geneva.
Eapen, M and P. Kodoth (2003), “Family Structure, Women’s Education and Work: Re-Examining the High Status of Women in Kerala,” in S. Mukhopadhyay and R. Sudarshan (eds), Tracking Gender Equity under Economic Reforms, Kali for Women, New Delhi
Elson, D (1996), “Appraising Recent Developments in the World Market for Nimble Fingers’ in A Chhachhi and R.Pittin (eds), Confronting State, Capital and Patriarchy: Women Organising in the Process of Industrialisation, Macmillan Press, London.
Gladwin, C.H., and C.M. Thompson (1995), “Impacts of Mexico’s Trade Openness on Mexican Rural Women”, American Journal of Agricultural Economics.
Hirway, I (2002), “Employment and Unemployment Situation in 1990s: How Good are NSS Data?” Economic and Political Weekly, May25.
ILO (2003), Time for Equality at Work, ILO Office, Geneva. Jhabvala, R and S Sinha (2002), “Liberalisation and the Woman Worker”, Economic and Political Weekly, May 25.
Stiglitz, J (2002), Globalisation and its Discontents, Allen Lane, UK.
Eapen, Mridul (2004), Women and Work Mobility: Some Disquieting Evidences From the Indian Data, Working Paper No 358, Centre for Development Studies, May 2004. (downloaded from www.cds.edu on 15/05/2008)