Hirnissa, M.T and Habibullah, M.S. and Baharom, A.H. (2008): Defense, Education and Health Expenditures in Selected Asian Countries.
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This study explores the inter-relationship between military expenditure, education expenditure and health expenditure in eight selected Asian countries namely Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Philippines, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka and South Korea. Autoregressive Distributed Lag-Restricted Error Correction Model (ARDL-RECM) procedure was utilized in the analysis. The empirical results suggest that, except for the case of Malaysia and Sri Lanka, whereby no meaningful interrelationship was detected between these three variables, the results for the rest of the countries are mixed, with differing granger causality being detected among these variables. The mixed results obtained in this study is an indicator of differing policy being implemented and will result in varying implication. Generally the error correction term is significant. Implying there is long-run relationship between defense spending, education and health expenditure.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Defense, Education and Health Expenditures in Selected Asian Countries|
|Keywords:||defense spending; health expenditure; education|
|Subjects:||E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E6 - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, and General Outlook > E62 - Fiscal Policy
H - Public Economics > H5 - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies > H51 - Government Expenditures and Health
H - Public Economics > H5 - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies > H56 - National Security and War
H - Public Economics > H5 - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies > H52 - Government Expenditures and Education
|Depositing User:||Baharom Abdul Hamid|
|Date Deposited:||02. Feb 2009 14:14|
|Last Modified:||16. Feb 2013 06:31|
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