Mota, Rui Pedro and Dias, João (2006): Determinants of CO2 emissions in open economies: testing the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis (1970-2000).
Download (254kB) | Preview
We address the problem of estimating an environmental Kuznets curve for CO2 in open economies. The novelty is that we follow a time series approach. The objective is, �first to answer a critique concerning the liability of Kuznets curves estimations when using cross-section data. For most of the countries analyzed here there is no evidence of a Kuznet curve,though when using cross-section data there is a Kuznet curve. Second, when using cross-section data it allows to test for other hypothesis concerning the functioning of the economy and pollution emissions. In particular we test hypothesis concerning the structure of the economy, the degree of openness of the economy, the in�uence of short-term fl�uctuations of economic growth and climate effects (when data is available). Moreover we test for the existence of a linear, a quadratic and a cubic relation between GNP and CO2 emissions. Most evidence is in favour of a cubic relation for each country. For some countries the time series are not cointegrated, hence the model could not be estimated with econometric security.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Determinants of CO2 emissions in open economies: testing the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis (1970-2000)|
|English Title:||Determinants of CO2 emissions in open economies: testing the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis (1970-2000)|
|Keywords:||Environmental Kuznet curve; Open economies; Time series|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O11 - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q56 - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q4 - Energy > Q43 - Energy and the Macroeconomy
|Depositing User:||Rui Pedro Mota|
|Date Deposited:||12. Feb 2009 04:49|
|Last Modified:||11. Feb 2013 22:40|
Arrow, K., Boli, B., Costanza, R., Dasgupta, P., Folke, C., Holling, C.S., Jansson, B.O., Levin, S., Mäler, K.G., Perrings,C., Pimentel, D., 1995. Economic growth, carrying capacity and the environment. Ecological Economics. 15:91-95.
Bruyn, S.M., van der Bergh, J.C., Opschoor, J.B., 1998. Econmomic growth and emissions: reconsidering the empirical basis of the environmental Kuznets curve. Ecological Economics. 25(2):161-176.
Friedl, B., e Getzner, M., 2003. Determinants of CO2 emissions in a small open economy. Ecological Economics. 45:133-148.
Kaufmann, R.K., Davidsdottir, B., Garnham, S., Pauly, P., 1998. The determinants of atmospheric SO2 concentrations: reconsidering the environmental Kuznets curve. Ecological Economics. 25(2):209-220.
Panayatou, T., 2003. Economic growth and the environment. Paper prepared for and presented at the Spring Seminar of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Geneva, March 3, 2003.
Stern, D., 2004. The rise and fall of the environmental Kuznets curve. World Development. 32(8):1419-1439.
Stern, D., Common, M., Barbier., E., 1996. Economic growth and environmental degradation: the environmental Kuznets curve and sustainability. World Development. 24(7):1151-1160.
Torras, M., e Boyce, J.K., 1998. Income, inequality and pollution: a reassessment of the environmental Kuznets curve. Ecological economics. 25(2):147-160.