Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Assessing financial vulnerability, an early warning system for emerging markets: Introduction

Reinhart, Carmen and Goldstein, Morris and Kaminsky, Graciela (2000): Assessing financial vulnerability, an early warning system for emerging markets: Introduction. Published in: Assessing Financial Vulnerability: An Early Warning System for Emerging Markets,Washington, DC: Institute for International Economics (2000): pp. 1-56.

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Abstract

This study analyzes and provides empirical tests of early warning indicators of banking and currency crises in emerging economies. The aim is to identify key empirical regularities in the run-up to banking and currency crises that would enable officials and private market participants to recognize vulnerability to financial crises at an earlier stage. This, in turn, should make it easier to motivate the corrective policy actions that would prevent such crises from actually taking place. Interest in identifying early warning indicators of financial crises has soared of late, stoked primarily by two factors. First, there is increasing recognition that banking and currency crises can be extremely costly to the countries in which they originate; in addition, these crises often spillover via a variety of international channels to increase the vulnerability of other countries to financial crisis. The second reason for the increased interest in early warning indicators of financial crises is that there is accumulating evidence that two of the most closely watched “market indicators” of default and currency risks--namely, interest rate spreads and changes in credit ratings--frequently do not provide much advance warning of currency and banking crises.

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