Pagiola, Stefano and Zhang, Wei and Colom, Ale (2009): Can payments for watershed services help save biodiversity? A spatial analysis of highland Guatemala.
Download (2195Kb) | Preview
Payments for environmental services (PES) are a promising mechanism for conservation. PES could either provide additional funding for protected areas, pay land users to conserve biodiversity outside protected areas, or both. For PES to work, it requires a secure long-term source of financing. Obtaining payments directly for biodiversity conservation is difficult, however. In most cases, water users are the most likely such source, either directly or indirectly. Thus the potential for PES to help conserve biodiversity depends, in a large measure, on the degree to which areas of interest for conservation of water services overlap with areas of interest for conservation of biodiversity. This paper examines the extent of such overlap in the case of highland Guatemala. The results show that this potential varies substantially within the country, with some biodiversity conservation priority areas having very good potential for receiving payments, and others little or none. Overall, about a quarter of all biodiversity conservation priority areas have potential for receiving payments. Thus PES is far from being a silver bullet for biodiversity conservation, but it can make a meaningful contribution to this objective.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Can payments for watershed services help save biodiversity? A spatial analysis of highland Guatemala|
|Keywords:||payments for environmental services, pes, watershed, biodiversity|
|Subjects:||Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q2 - Renewable Resources and Conservation > Q25 - Water
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q57 - Ecological Economics: Ecosystem Services; Biodiversity Conservation; Bioeconomics; Industrial Ecology
|Depositing User:||Stefano Pagiola|
|Date Deposited:||04. Mar 2009 15:27|
|Last Modified:||17. Feb 2013 02:56|
Asquith, N.M., Vargas Ríos, M.T., Wunder, W., 2008. Selling two environmental services: In-kind payments for bird habitat and watershed protection in Los Negros, Bolivia. Ecological Economics, 65(4), 675-684.
Barbier, E.B., and Aylward, B.A., 1996. Capturing the pharmaceutical value of biodiversity in a developing country. Environmental and Resource Economics, 8, 157-181.
Barrantes, G., and Gámez, L., forthcoming. “The payments for water services program of Heredia’s public service utility.” In G. Platais and S. Pagiola, eds, Ecomarkets: Costa Rica’s Experience with Payments for Environmental Services. Washington: World Bank.
Bennett, M.T., 2008. China's sloping land conversion program: Institutional innovation or business as usual? Ecological Economics, 65(4), 699-711.
Bonham, C., Sacayon, E., and Tzi, E., 2008. Protecting imperiled “paper parks”: Potential lessons from the Sierra Chinajá, Guatemala. Biodiversity and Conservation, 17(7), 1581-1593.
Brandon, K., Sanderson, S., and Redford, K., 1998. Parks in peril: People, politics, and protected areas. Washington: Island Press.
Bruijnzeel, L.A., 2004. Hydrological functions of tropical forests: Not seeing the soil for the trees? Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 104, 185-228
Bruner, A., Gullison, R.E., Rice, R.E., and da Fonseca, G.A.B., 2001. Effectiveness of parks in protecting tropical biodiversity. Science, 291, 125–128.
Capoor, K., and Ambrosi, P., 2008. State and trends of the carbon market 2008. Washington: World Bank.
CCAD, 2005. Corredor Biológico Mesoamericano: Programa estratégico regional para la conectividad. Managua: EDITARTE for the Comisión Centroamericana de Ambiente y Desarrollo.
CONAP, 2002. Informe Institutional 2002. Guatemala: Consejo Nacional de Areas Protegidas.
CONAP, 2003. Informe nacional de areas protegidas de Guatemala. Guatemala: Consejo Nacional de Areas Protegidas.
Dinerstein, E., Olson, D.M., Graham, D.J., Webster, A.L., Primm, S.A., Bookbinder, M.P., and Ledec, G., 1995. A Conservation Assessment of the Terrestrial Ecoregions of Latin America and the Caribbean. Washington: World Bank.
Dudley, N., and Stolton, S., 2005. The role of forest protected areas on supplying drinking water to the world’s biggest cities. In T. Trzyna, ed., The Urban Imperative. CIPA Publication No.109. Sacramento: California Institute for Public Affairs.
Echavarría, M., 2002a. Financing watershed conservation: The FONAG water fund in Quito, Ecuador. In S. Pagiola, J. Bishop, and N. Landell-Mills, eds., Selling Forest Environmental Services: Market-based Mechanisms for Conservation and Development. London: Earthscan.
Echavarría, M., 2002b. Water user associations in the Cauca Valley: A voluntary mechanism to promote upstream-downstream cooperation in the protection of rural watersheds. Land-water linkages in rural watersheds case study series. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO).
EcoLogic, 2006. Case study: Village-led watershed management in Honduras. Paper presented at the 4th World Water Forum, Mexico City, Mexico, 16-22 March, 2006.
Engel, S., Pagiola, S., and Wunder, S., 2008. Designing payments for environmental services in theory and practice: An overview of the issues. Ecological Economics 65:663-674.
Farnsworth, N.R., and Soejarto, D.D., 1985. Potential consequences of plant extinction in the United States on the current and future availability of prescription drugs. Economic Botany, 39, 231-240.
Foley, C., 2007. Tanzania tour operators pay to protect land that wildlife, and their businesses, depend on. East and Southern Africa Katoomba Group e-newsletter.
FAO, 2007. AQUASTAT main country database. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organisation. http://www.fao.org/nr/water/aquastat/main/index.stm (Accessed Sept. 2007.)
Foster, V., and Araujo, M.C., 2005. Does infrastructure reform work for the poor? A case study from Guatemala. Policy Research Working Paper No.3185. Washington: World Bank.
Herrador, D., Dimas, L.A., and Méndez, V.E., 2002. Pago por servicios ambientales en El Salvador: Oportunidades y riesgos para pequeños agricultores y comunidades rurales. San Salvador: Fundación PRISMA.
IUCN, 1994. Guidelines for protected area management categories. Gland: International Union for the Conservation of Nature.
James, A.N., Green, M.J.B., and Paine, J.R., 1999. A global review of protected area budgets and staff. WCMC Biodiversity Series No.10. Cambridge: World Conservation Monitoring Centre – World Conservation Press.
Laird, S.A., and ten Kate, K., 2002. Linking biodiversity prospecting and forest conservation. In S. Pagiola, J. Bishop, and N. Landell-Mills, eds., Selling Forest Environmental Services: Market-based Mechanisms for Conservation and Development. London: Earthscan.
Lehnhoff, A., and Núñez, O., 1998. Guatemala: Sierra de las Minas Biosphere Reserve. In K. Brandon, K. Redford, and S. Sanderson, eds, Parks in Peril: People, Politics and Protected Areas. Washington: Island Press and The Nature Conservancy.
McAllister, D.E., 1991. Estimating the pharmaceutical values of forests, Canadian and tropical. Canadian Biodiversity, 1(3), 16-26.
Mejía, M.A., and Barrantes, G., 2003. Experiencia de pago por servicios ambientales de la Junta Administradora de Agua Potable y Disposición de Excretas (JAPOE) de Jesús de Otoro, Intibucá, Honduras. Tegucigalpa: PASOLAC.
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, 2005. Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Current State and Trends. Washington: Island Press.
Missrie, M., and Nelson, K., 2005. Direct Payments for conservation: Lessons from the Monarch Butterfly Conservation Fund. College of Natural Resources Research Summary Paper No.8. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota.
Muñoz-Pina, C., Guevara, A., Torres, and J., Brana, J., 2008. Paying for the hydrological services of Mexico's forests: Analysis, negotiations and results. Ecological Economics, 65(4), 725-736.
Pagiola, S., 2008. Payments for environmental services in Costa Rica. Ecological Economics, 65(4) 712-724.
Pagiola, S., and Platais, G., 2007. Payments for environmental services: From theory to practice. Washington: World Bank.
Pagiola, S., Landell-Mills, N., and Bishop, J., 2002. Making market-based mechanisms work for forests and people. In S. Pagiola, J. Bishop, and N. Landell-Mills, eds., Selling Forest Environmental Services: Market-based Mechanisms for Conservation and Development. London: Earthscan.
Pagiola, S., Colom, A., and Zhang, W., 2007. Mapping environmental services in Guatemala. Washington: World Bank.
Pagiola, S., Platais, G., and Ducassi, L., forthcoming. Paying for biodiversity: The Trust Fund for Sustainable Biodiversity Conservation. In G. Platais and S. Pagiola, eds, Ecomarkets: Costa Rica’s Experience with Payments for Environmental Services. Washington: World Bank.
Pearce, D., and Puroshothamon, A., 1992. Preserving biological diversity: The economic value of pharmaceutical plants. CSERGE Discussion Paper No.92-97. London: CSERGE.
Principe, P. 1989. The Economic Value of Biodiversity Among Medicinal Plants. Paris: OECD.
Reid, W.V., Laird, S.A., Gamez, R., Sittenfeld, A., Janzen, D.H., Gollin, M.A., and Juma, C., 1993. A new lease on life. In W.V. Reid, S.A. Laird, C.A. Meyer, R. Gamez, A. Sittenfeld, D.H. Janzen, M.A. Gollin, and C. Juma, eds., Biodiversity Prospecting: Using Genetic Resources for Sustainable Development. Washington: World Resources Institute.
Rice, R.E., Linke, J., Bruner, A.G., Suárez, L., and Hardner, J., 2003. Conservation incentive agreements: An approach to linking conservation and economic development on indigenous lands in Ecuador. Paper presented at the International Conference on Rural Livelihoods, Forests and Biodiversity, 19-23 May 2003, Bonn, Germany.
Secaira, E., Lehnhoff, A., Dix, A., and Rojas, O., 2000. Delegating protected area management to an NGO: The case of Guatemala's Sierra de las Minas Biosphere Reserve. Washington: Biodiversity Support Program.
Simpson, R.D., 1997. Biodiversity prospecting: Shopping the wilds is not the key to conservation. Resources, 126, 12-15.
Simpson, D.R., Sedjo, R.A., and Reid, J.W., 1996. Valuing Biodiversity for Use in Pharmaceutica Research. Washington: Resources for the Future.
Southgate, D., 1997. Alternatives for habitat protection and rural income generation. Paper No.ENV-107. Washington: Inter-American Development Bank.
Strobel, J.S., Cabral de Sousa Jr., W., Seroa da Motta, R., Amend, M.R., and Gonçalves, D.A., 2007.
Critérios Econômicos para a Aplicação do Princípio do Protetor-Recebedor: Estudo de Caso do Parque Estadual dos Três Picos. Technical Series No.11. Lagoa Santa: Conservation Strategy Fund.
Turpie, J.K., Marais, and C., Blignaut, J., 2008. The working for water programme: Evolution of a payments for ecosystem services mechanism that addresses both poverty and ecosystem service delivery in South Africa. Ecological Economics, 65(4), 788-798.
Walker, I. and Velásquez, M. 1999. Regional analysis of decentralization of water supply and sanitation services in Central America and the Dominican Republic.” Environmental Health Project Activity Report No.65. Washington: USAID.
World Bank, 2004. Poverty in Guatemala. Washington: World Bank.
World Bank. 2006. Guatemala country environmental analysis addressing the environmental aspects of trade and infrastructure expansion. Report No.36459-GT. Washington: World Bank.
World Bank, 2007. Venezuela expanding partnerships for the national parks system project: project appraisal document. Report No.37502-VE. Washington: World Bank.
Wunder, S., 2005, Payments for environmental services: Some nuts and bolts. CIFOR Occasional Paper No.42. Bogor: CIFOR.
Wunder, S., and Albán, M., 2008. Decentralized payments for environmental services: The cases of Pimampiro and PROFAFOR in Ecuador. Ecological Economics, 65(4), 685-698
Wunder, S., Engel, S., and Pagiola, S., 2008. Taking stock: A comparative analysis of payments for environmental services programs in developed and developing countries. Ecological Economics, 65(4), 834-852.