Munich Personal RePEc Archive

The mirage of floating exchange rates

Reinhart, Carmen (2000): The mirage of floating exchange rates. Published in: American Economic Review , Vol. 90, No. 2 (May 2000): pp. 65-70.

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Abstract

This note summarizes some of the highlights of my longer paper with Guillermo Calvo”Fear of Floating.” Many emerging market countries have suffered financial crises. One view blames soft pegs for these crises. Adherents to that view suggest that countries move to corner solutions--hard pegs or floating exchange rates. We analyze the behavior of exchange rates, reserves, and interest rates to assess whether there is evidence that country practice is moving toward corner solutions. We focus on whether countries that claim they are floating are indeed doing so. We find that countries that say they allow their exchange rate to float mostly do not--there seems to be an epidemic case of “fear of floating.”

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