Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Output Fluctuations and Monetary Shocks

Reinhart, Carmen and Reinhart, Vincent (1991): Output Fluctuations and Monetary Shocks. Published in: IMF Staff Papers , Vol. 38, No. 4 (December 1991): pp. 53-86.

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Abstract

Using annual data for Colombia over the last thirty years and a new battery of econometric techniques, we test opposing theories that explain macroeconomic fluctuations: The neoclassical synthesis, which posits that, in the presence of temporary price rigidity, an unanticipated monetary expansion produces output gains that erode over time with increases in the price level; and an alternative explanation, which focuses on "real" technological or preference shocks as the sources of output changes. The coefficients from these systems are used to examine two basic propositions: the long-run neutrality of nominal quantities with respect to permanent movements in the money stock; and the short-run sensitivity of output to inflation.

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