Rahman, Mizanur (2008): The Impact of a Common Currency on East Asian Production Networks and China’s Exports Behavior.
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Vertical fragmentation of product value chain across borders is the driving force of growing economic interdependency in East Asia. A common currency, not flexible exchange rates between national currencies, would reduce flexibility in relative prices within East Asia. Its impact would be far greater for exports that have stronger production network linkage. In order to test the hypothesis, the paper estimates the effect of a common currency on China’s processing and ordinary exports separately. The distinction is necessary because the processing exports, unlike the ordinary exports, are produced along the regional production networks, with final stages of assembly and exporting being increasingly concentrated in China. The short-run dynamics indicate that the effect on China’s processing exports is more than double the corresponding effect on China’s ordinary exports. The long-run effect on the processing exports of intra-regional RER flexibility, which is otherwise the lack of a regional currency, is almost nine times as large as the long-run effect of a unilateral RMB appreciation. By contrast, the corresponding long-run effect is statistically insignificant for the case of ordinary exports that are produced primarily by using local inputs. The long-run coefficient of this intra-regional RER flexibility implies that the actual volume of processing exports is 20 percent below the potential. The magnitudes of these effects are consistent with the hypothesis that a common currency would further integrate East Asian production networks and promote regional economic integration.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The Impact of a Common Currency on East Asian Production Networks and China’s Exports Behavior|
|Keywords:||Production networks; fragmentation of value chain; optimum currency area; common currency; exchange rate flexibility; China|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F15 - Economic Integration
F - International Economics > F4 - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance > F42 - International Policy Coordination and Transmission
F - International Economics > F3 - International Finance > F32 - Current Account Adjustment; Short-Term Capital Movements
F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F14 - Empirical Studies of Trade
F - International Economics > F3 - International Finance > F33 - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C3 - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables > C33 - Models with Panel Data; Longitudinal Data; Spatial Time Series
|Depositing User:||Mizanur Rahman|
|Date Deposited:||11. Mar 2009 02:14|
|Last Modified:||18. Feb 2013 14:07|
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