Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Resolving the Exposure Puzzle: The Many Facets of Exchange Rate Exposure

Bartram, Söhnke M. and Brown, Gregory W. and Minton, Bernadette (2009): Resolving the Exposure Puzzle: The Many Facets of Exchange Rate Exposure.

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Abstract

Theory predicts sizeable exchange rate (FX) exposure for many firms. However, empirical research has not documented such exposures. To examine this discrepancy, we extend prior theoretical results to model a global firm’s FX exposure and show empirically that firms pass through part of currency changes to customers and utilize both operational and financial hedges. For a typical sample firm, pass-through and operational hedging each reduce exposure by 10% to 15%. Financial hedging with foreign debt, and to a lesser extent FX derivatives, decreases exposure by about 40%. The combination of these factors reduces FX exposures to observed levels.

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