Mariotti, Martine (2009): Labor Markets in South Africa During Apartheid.
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Conventional wisdom holds that international political pressure and domestic civil unrest in the mid-1970s and 1980s brought an end to apartheid in South Africa. I show that, prior to these events, labor market pressure in the late 1960s/early 1970s caused a dramatic unraveling of apartheid in the workplace. Increased educational attainment among whites reduced resistance to opening semi-skilled jobs to Africans. This institutional change reflected white economic preferences rather than a relaxation of attitudes toward apartheid. I show that whites benefited from the relaxation of job reservation rules and that this is the primary cause of black occupational advancement.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Labor Markets in South Africa During Apartheid|
|Keywords:||Discrimination; Job Reservation; Education; Labor markets|
|Subjects:||N - Economic History > N0 - General
N - Economic History > N3 - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy > N37 - Africa; Oceania
|Depositing User:||Martine Mariotti|
|Date Deposited:||17. Mar 2009 05:15|
|Last Modified:||19. Feb 2013 23:26|
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