Yamamura, Eiji (2009): Effects of sex preference and social pressure on fertility in changing Japanese families.
Download (297kB) | Preview
This study explored how social pressure related to parental preference for the sex of their children affects fertility. Pre-war and post-war generations were compared using individual level data previously collected in Japan in 2002. In the pre-war generation, if the first child was a daughter, the total number of children tended to increase regardless of the mother’s sex preference. This tendency was not observed for the post-war generation. Results suggest that social pressure related to giving birth to a son led to high fertility in the pre-war generation; however, fertility was not influenced by social pressure in the post-war generation.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Effects of sex preference and social pressure on fertility in changing Japanese families|
|Keywords:||Fertility, son preference, social pressure, family structure|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J13 - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J12 - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure; Domestic Abuse
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J16 - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
|Depositing User:||eiji yamamura|
|Date Deposited:||14. Apr 2009 13:51|
|Last Modified:||14. Feb 2013 07:17|
Ahn N, Mira P. (2002). A note on the changing relationship between fertility and female employment rates in developed countries. Journal of Population Economy, 15: 667-682.
Arnold F, Zhaoxiang L. (1986). Sex preference, fertility, and family planning in China. Population and Development Review, 12 :221-246.
Becker G (1965) A theory of the allocation of time. Economic Journal, 75: 493-517.
Becker, G.., Murphy, K. (2000). Social Economics: Market Behavior in a Social Environment, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Behrman J. (1988) Intrahousehold allocation of nutrients in rural India: Are boys favored? Do parents exhibit inequality aversion? Oxford Economic Papers, 40: 32-54.
Behrman J., Pollak R., Taubman P. (1986) Do parents favor boys? International Economic Review, 27: 33-54.
Ben-Porath Y., Welch F. (1976). Do sex preferences really matter? Quarterly Journal of Economics, 90: 285-307.
Ben-Porath Y., Welch F. (1980). On sex preferences and family size. Research in Population Economics, 2: 387-399.
Cigno A. (1991). Economics of family. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, M.A.
Dahl GB., Moretti E. (2008). The demand for sons. Review of Economic Studies, 75(4): 1085-1120.
Das, N. (1987) Sex preference and fertility on reproductive behavior: A study of recent Indian data. Demography, 24:517-530
Galor O, Weil DN (1996) The gender gap, fertility and growth. American Economic Review, 86(3): 374-387.
Greif, A. (1994). Cultural beliefs and the organization of society: A historical and theoretical reflection on collectivist and individualist societies. Journal of Political 102, 912-950.
Greif, A. (2002). Institutions and impersonal exchange: from communal to individual responsibility. Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics 158, 168-204.
Gutierrez-Domenech M. (2008).The impact of the labour market on the timing of marriage and births in Spain. Journal of Population Economy, 21(1): 83-110.
Hayami, Y. (1998). Norms and rationality in the evolution of economic systems: A view from Asian villages. Japanese Economic Review 49, 36-53.
Hayami, Y. (2001). Development Economics: From the poverty to the wealth of nations. Oxford University Press, New York.
Hendry J. (1981) Marriage in Changing Japan: Community and society. Tuttle Publishers, Tokyo.
Kawaguchi D., Miyazaki J. (2009).Working mothers and son’s preferences regarding female labor supply: Direct evidence from stated preferences. Journal of Population Economy, 22(1): 115-130.
Leung, S.G. (1988). On tests for sex preferences. Journal of Population Economics, 1: 95-114.
Leung, S.G. (1991). A stochastic dynamic analysis of parental sex preferences and fertility. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 121: 1063-1088.
Leung, S.G. (1994). Will sex selection reduce fertility. Journal of Population Economics, 7(4): 379-392.
Lundberg, S. (2005) Sons, daughters, and parental behavior. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 21(3): 340-356.
Ramseyer, J.M. (1996). Odd markets in Japanese history: Law and economic growth. Cambridge University Press, New York.
Yamamura, E. (2008a) Impact of formal and informal deterrents on driving behavior,. Journal of Socio-economics, 37(6): 2505-2512.
Yamamura, E. (2008b) The market for lawyers and social capital: Are informal rules a substitute for formal ones?.Review of Law & Economics, 4(1): Article 23.