Das, Nimai and Sarker, Debnarayan (2006): Reforms in Forest Management in West Bengal: A Game of Strategic Profile. Published in: Second Generation Reforms (Edited Book by Allied Publishers Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi) (2008): pp. 79-101.
Download (307kB) | Preview
This paper attempts to find out the economic outcome of joint forest management (JFM) programme for forest fringe community and government based on a field survey of Bankura district in West Bengal. This empirical study suggests that the economic outcome of the JFM programme has been beneficial for both government and forest community and this is due to the strict dominant cooperative strategy of community, not government. Economically, government was the worst sufferer for her earlier restrictive forest policy. The higher economic outcome of the government is due to the cooperation of community whom government neglected earlier. Our study under the model of common property resource (CPR) game also suggests that in spite of equal effort level for each type of player, cooperative equilibrium is also stable with the highest level of stock. This study also suggests that force or law can not effectively control the illegal collection of timber forest products for the poor agricultural households, which mainly depend on forest resources for livelihood security and that live below poverty line, until and unless a considerable increase in the income from legal forest products and forest wage income meet their livelihood security.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Reforms in Forest Management in West Bengal: A Game of Strategic Profile|
|English Title:||Reforms in Forest Management in West Bengal: A Game of Strategic Profile|
|Keywords:||Reforms in forest management, Economic outcome of joint forest management, Common property resource game, Model of legal-illegal income substitutability|
|Subjects:||Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q2 - Renewable Resources and Conservation > Q23 - Forestry
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C7 - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory > C71 - Cooperative Games
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C0 - General > C02 - Mathematical Methods
|Depositing User:||Nimai Das|
|Date Deposited:||24. Apr 2009 00:23|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 03:52|
Acheson, J. M. (1993), Capturing the Commons: Legal and Illegal Strategies, in: T. L. Anderson and R. T. Simmons, eds., The political economy of customs and culture: Informal solutions to the commons problem, Rowman and Littlefield, Lanham.
Angelsen, A. and S. Wunder (2003), Exploring the forest-poverty link: key concepts, issues and research implications, CIFOR Occasional Paper No. 40, Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Indonesia.
Arnold, M. (2001), Forestry Poverty and Aid, Occasional Paper No. 33(E), Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Indonesia.
Bahuguna, V. K. (2004), Root to Canopy: An Overview, in: V. K. Bahuguna, K. Mitra, D. Capitrano, and S. Sargal, eds., In Root to Canopy: Regenerating Forests through Community-State Partnerships, Winrock International and Commonwealth Forestry Association, Delhi.
Bergstrom, T. (2002), Evolution of Social Behaviour: Individual and Group Selection, Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 16, No. 2, 67-88.
Bierman, H. S. and L. Fernandez (1998), Game Theory with Economic Applications, Pearson Education: Delhi.
Cavendish, W. (1999), Poverty, Inequality and Environmental Resources: Quantitative Analysis of Rural Households, Working Paper Series No. 99-9, Center for the Study of African Economics, Oxford.
Chichilnisky, G. (1994), North South Trade and the Global Environment, American Economic Review, Vol. 84, No. 4, 851-74.
Clark, C. W. (1980), Restricted Access to Common-Property Fishery Resources: A Game-theoretic Analysis, in: Pan-Tai Liu, ed., Dynamic Optimization and Mathematical Economics, Plenum, New Work.
Cordell, J. and M.A. McKean (1992), Sea Tenure in Bahia, Brazil, in: D.W. Bromley, ed., Making the commons work, ICS Press, San Francisco.
Dasgupta, P. and G. Heal (1979), Economic theory and exhaustible resources, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Dayton-Johnson, J. and P. Bardhan (2002), Inequality and Conservation on the Local Commons: A Theoretical Exercise, The Economic Journal, Vol. 112, 577-602.
Dutta K.K. (1940), The Santal Insurrection of 1955-1857, University of Calcutta: Calcutta.
Duyker, E. (1987), Tribal Guerrillas: The Santals of West Bengal and the Naxalite Movement, Oxford University Press: Delhi.
Fisher, M. (2004), Household welfare and forest dependence in Southern Malawi, Environment and Development Economics, Vol. 9, 135-154.
Fudenberg, D. and E. Maskin (1986), The Folk Theorem in Repeated Games with Discounting or with Incomplete Information, Econometrica, Vol. 54, No. 3, 533-54.
Gardner, R., E. Ostrom and J. Walker (1990), The Nature of Common-Pool Resource Problems, Rationality and Society, Vol. 2, 335-58.
Gibbons, R. (1992), Game Theory for Applied Economists, Princeton University Press: New Jersey.
Guha, R. (1989), The Unquiet Woods, Oxford University Press, Delhi.
Hardin, G. (1968), The Tragedy of the Commons, Science, Vol. 162, 1243-48.
Hanley, N., J.F.Shogren and B.White (1997): Environmental Economics - in Theory and Practice, Macmillan: New Delhi.
Hechter, M. (1987), Principles of Group Solidarity, Berkeley University California Press, California.
Hirshleifer, D. and E. Rasmusen (1989), Cooperation in a Repeated Prisoners’ Dilemma with Ostracism, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Vol. 12, No. 1, 87-106.
Jeffery, R. and N. Sundar, eds., (1999), A New Moral Economy for India’s Forests? Discourses of Community Participation, Sage Publications: New Delhi.
Jodha, N.S. (1992), Common Property Resources and Rural Poor in Dry Regions of India, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 21, 1169-1181.
Jodha, N.S. (1986), Common Property Resources: A Missing Dimension of Development Strategies, Discussion Paper No. 169, The World Bank, Washington DC.
Kholin, G. and M. Ostwald (2001), Impact of Plantations on Forest Use and Forest Status in Orissa, India, Ambio, Vol. 30, No. 1.
Kumar, S. (2002), Does “Participation” in Common Pool Resource Management Help the poor? A Social Cost Benefit Analysis of Joint Forest Management in Jharkhand, India, World Development, Vol. 30, No. 5, 763-782.
Kumar, S., N. Saxena, Y. Alagh and K. Mitra (2000), India: Alleviating Poverty through Forest Development – Evaluation Country Case Study, The World Bank, Washington DC.
Ostrom, E. (1990), Governing the commons: The evolution of institutions for collective action, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Ostrom, E., R. Gardner and J. Walker (1990), Rules and Games: Institutions and Common-Pool Resources, University of Michigan Press, Ana Arbor.
Ostrom, E., J. Walker and R. Gardner (1992), Covenants With and Without a Sword: Self-Governance Is Possible, American Political Science Review, Vol. 86, No. 2, 404-17.
Pattanayak, S.K., E.O. Sills and R.A. Kramer (2004), Seeing the forest for the fuel, Environment and Development Economics, Vol. 9, 155-179.
Poffenberger, M. (1995), The Resurgence of Community Forest Management in the Jungle Mahals of West Bengal, in: D. Arnold and R. C. Guha, eds., Nature, Culture and Imperialism: Essays on the Environmental History of South Asia, 336-69, Oxford University Press: Delhi.
Ravillion, M. (2001), The Mystery of the Vanishing Benefits: An Introduction to Impact Evaluation, The World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 15, No. 1.
Sarker, D. N. and N. Das (2004), Historical Relevance of Joint Forest Management Programme and the Key Element of Its Sustainability: Evidence from Western Midnapore Division of West Bengal, International Journal of Environment and Development, Vol. 1, No. 2, 169-91.
Sarmah, D. and S. N. Rai (2001), Forest Resource Management in India: Role of the State and its Effectiveness, in: S.N. Chary and V. Vyasulu, eds., Environment and Management, 206-20, Macmillan: New Delhi.
Scherr, S.J., A. White and D. Kaimowitz (2002), Making Markets Work for Forest Communities, Forest Trends Policy Brief, Washington DC.
Sethi, R. and E. Somanathan, (1996), The Evolution of Social Norms in Common Property Resource Use, The American Economic Review, Vol. 86, No. 4, 766-88.
SFR (2000), State Forest Report, Office of the Principal Chief Conservator of Forest, Directorate of Forest, Government of West Bengal, Kolkata.
Somanathan, E. (1991), Deforestation, Property Rights and Incentives in Central Himalaya, Economic and Political Weekly, January 26, PE37-46.
Weitzman, M.L. (1974), Free Access vs. Private Ownership as Alternative Systems for Managing Common Property, Journal of Economic Theory, Vol. 8, No. 2, 225-34.
Williamsen, O.E. (1985), The Economic Institutions of Capitalism: Firms, Market, Relational Contracting, Free Press, New York.
World Bank (2001), A Revised Forest Strategy for the World Bank Group (Draft), The World Bank, Washington DC.
World Bank (2006), India: Unlocking Opportunities for Forest-Dependent People, The World Bank, Agriculture and Rural Development Sector Unit, South Asia Region, Oxford University Press: New Delhi.
Wunder, S. (2001), Poverty Alleviation and Tropical Forests – What Scope for Synergies?, World Development, Vol. 29, 1817- 1833.
Available Versions of this Item
- Reforms in Forest Management in West Bengal: A Game of Strategic Profile. (deposited 24. Apr 2009 00:23) [Currently Displayed]