OLIMID, ANCA PARMENA (2009): Political cleavages in Romania. A theoretical overview of the post-communist parties and party systems. Published in: Analele Universităţii din Craiova. Seria Istorie No. Anul XIV, Nr. 1(15)/2009 (15. March 2009): pp. 275-288.
Download (206kB) | Preview
The following article examines the emergence of parties in post-communist Romania concluding that the theoretical basis of cleavages (the Lipset-Rokkanian model) is almost impossible to apply in this country. Accordingly, the historical evolution of the post-communist society and the strategic moves of political actors during democratization were often perceived as an „expected moments lacking any theoretical model”. Contrary to this assumption, I argue that even an incipient cleavage suggests at least two questions about the significance of an ideological framework and a stable party system.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Political cleavages in Romania. A theoretical overview of the post-communist parties and party systems|
|Keywords:||post-communist cleavages, post-communist party systems, transition, the Lipset-Rokkanian model, electoral behavior.|
|Subjects:||P - Economic Systems > P2 - Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies > P20 - General|
|Depositing User:||ANCA OLIMID|
|Date Deposited:||05. May 2009 01:41|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 13:38|
Paul G. Lewis, Political Parties in Post-communist Eastern Europe, London, Routledge, 2000, pp. 143-144.
Herbert Kitschelt, Zdenka Mansfeldova, Radoslaw Markowski et al., Post-communist Party Systems: Competition, Representation, and Inter-party Cooperation, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1999, p. 13.
Kevin Deegan-Krause, New Dimensions of Political Cleavage in Russell J. Dalton, Hans-Dieter Klingemann, The Oxford Handbook of Political Behavior, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2007, pp. 538-544.
Ovidiu Vaida, Clivaje politice în România postcomunistă in „Sfera Politicii”, no. 123-124/2006, pp. 26-27.
György G. Márkus, Hungarian Cleavages and Parties prior to 1989 in Kay Lawson, Andrea Römmele, Georgi Karasimeonov, Cleavages, Parties, and Voters: Studies from Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Romania, Westport, Connecticut-London, Praeger Publishers, 1999, p. 61.
Herbert Kitschelt, Zdenka Mansfeldova, Radoslaw Markowski et al., op.cit, p. 262.
William Crowther, Romania in Sten Berglund, Joakim Ekman, Frank A. Aarebrot, The Handbook of Political Change in Eastern Europe. Second Edition, Cheltenham, UK–Northampton, MA, USA, Edward Elgar, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2004, p. 363.
Georgi Karasimeonov, Bulgaria, loc. cit., p. 418.
Jean-Michel de Waele (ed.), Partide politice şi democraţie în Europa centrală şi de est, Bucureşti, Humanitas, 2003, pp. 157-167.
Ottorino Cappelli, The Short Parliament 1989-91: Political Elites, Societal Cleavages and the Weakness of Party Politics in Stephen White, Rita Di leo, Ottorino Cappelli, The Soviet Transition: From Gorbatchev to Yeltsin, London, Routledge, 1993, p. 113.
Sonia Alonso, Enduring Ethnicity: The Political Survival of Incubent Ethnic Parties in Western Democracies, p. 99.
De Waele, op. cit., pp. 163-164. See also, Cristian Popa, Transition Experience and Challenges in Romania in Gertrude Tumpel-Gugerell, Lindsay Wolfe, Peter Mooslechner, Completing Transition: The Main Challenges, Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, 2002, p. 276.
David Turnock, Aspects of Independent Romania's Economic History with Particular Reference to Transition for EU Accession, Aldershot, Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2007, pp. 94-95.
See also ***, Central and South Eastern Europe 2004, London, Routledge, 2003, p. 493, Steven D. Roper, Romania: The Unfinished Revolution, London, Routledge, 2000, pp. 79-83, Milada Anna Vachudová, Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2005, pp. 205-206, Dimitris Papadimitriou, David Phinnemore, Romania and the European Union: From Marginalisation to Membership?, London, Routledge, 2008, pp. 99-101.
John S. Dryzek, Leslie Holmes, Post-communist Democratization: Political Discourses Across Thirteen Countries, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2002, pp. 250-251.
George Schöpflin, Nations, Identity, Power: The New Politics of Europe, London, C. Husrt & Co. Publishers, 2000, p. 189.
Maria N. Todorova, Etnicity, nationalism, and the communist legacy in Eastern Europe in James R. Millar, Sharon L. Wolchik, The Social Legacy of Communism, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1994, p. 96.
See also Reinhardt Rummel, The European Union’s Politico-Diplomatic Contribution to the Prevention of Ethno-National Conflict in Abram Chayes, Antonia Handler Chayes, Preventing Conflict in the Post-communist World: Mobilizing International and Regional Organizations, Washington, D.C., Brookings Institution Press, 1996, p. 216.
Katherine Verdery, What was Socialism, and what Comes Next?, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1996, p. 90. Karen Dawisha, Bruce Parrott, Democratic changes and authoritarian reactions in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Moldova, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1997, pp. 1-5.
Juliana Geran Pilon, The Bloody Flag: Post-communist Nationalism in Eastern Europe: Spotlight on Romania, New Brunswick, Transaction Publishers, 1992, p. 6.
Attila Ágh, The End of The Beginning: The Partial Consolidation of East Central European Parties and Party Systems in Paul Pennings, Jan-Erik Lane, Comparing Party System Change, London, Routledge, 1998, p. 211.
Ibidem, p. 212.
Graeme J. Gill, Democracy and Post-communism: Political Change in the Post-communist World, London, Routledge, 2002, pp. 201-202.
See also Jon Elster, Claus Offe, Ulrich K. Preuss et al., Institutional Design in Post-communist Societies: Rebuilding the Ship at Sea, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1998, pp. 267-268.