Rena, Ravinder (2006): The Child Labour in Developing Countries – A Challenge to Millennium Development Goals. Published in: Indus Journal of Management & Social Sciences , Vol. 3, No. 1 (20. April 2009): pp. 1-8.
This is the latest version of this item.
Download (141kB) | Preview
The problem of child labour is immense and has been growing. Wherever poverty exists, child labour there prevails and it is one of the most striking issues in the developing countries. Hence, there is a need to identify the vulnerable children and point out the problems in relation to the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), particularly poverty eradication, education for all, gender equality, combating HIV/AIDS and creation of a global partnership for development. To understand household labour supply decisions, considering relations to the labour market and to public interventions is critical in designing programmes in order to achieve the MDG. The research on child labour represent in this respect a largely untapped resource of knowledge for policymakers in the fields of education programme and poverty reduction programmes. An attempt is made in this article to demonstrate how increased education opportunities and increased welfare reduces child labour.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The Child Labour in Developing Countries – A Challenge to Millennium Development Goals|
|Keywords:||Child labour, MDGs, Poverty, developing countries, UN Convention on the Child Rights, education|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F16 - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J13 - Fertility ; Family Planning ; Child Care ; Children ; Youth
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Institutions > I21 - Analysis of Education
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J24 - Human Capital ; Skills ; Occupational Choice ; Labor Productivity
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty > I32 - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
|Depositing User:||Ravinder Rena|
|Date Deposited:||12. May 2009 08:26|
|Last Modified:||18. May 2015 09:05|
Ainsworth M 1996. Economic Aspects of Child Fostering in Cote d’Ivoire. Research in Population Economics, 8: 25–62.
Andvig J. 2001. Child Labor in Africa, Social Protection Unit Discussion Pape., Washington DC: World Bank.
Anker R and H. Melkas.1995. Economic Incentives for Children and Families intended to Eliminate or Reduce Child Labour. Geneva: ILO.
Burra N. 1995. Born to Work: Child Labor in India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Grimsrud, B and L.J. Stokke.1997. Child labor in Africa: Poverty or institutional failures? The case of Egypt and Zimbabwe. Oslo: Fafo report 233. Available at: http://www.fafo.no/pub/rapp/233/233.htm ((Retrieved on 15th August 2007)
Grimsrud Bjørne. 1998. Working Children in Yemen. Who are They? A Study of Child Labor in Yemen. Oslo: Fafo.
Grimsrud Bjørne. 2003. Millennium Development Goals and Child Labour, Understanding Children’s Work An Inter Agency Research Cooperation project of ILO, UNECEF and World Bank Group, Project.Available at : http://www.ucw.un.org/esa/socdev/rwss/docs/2007/biblio.pdf (Retrieved on 18th November 2007)
Grootaert C and H. Patrinos. 1999. Policy Analysis of Child Labor: A Comparative Study. New York: St. Martin’s, Press.
Guarcello L, F. Mealli and F Rosati. 2002. Household Vulnerability and Child Labour, The Effect of Shocks, Credit Rationing and Insurance, UCW paper Florence. Avalable at: http://www.ucw-project.org/pdf/publications/standard_CL_and_Vulnerability.pdf (Retrieved on 13th November 2007)
ILO. 2002. Every Child counts: New Global Estimates on Child Labour. Geneva: International Labour Organization (ILO/IPEC).
ILO.2003. Working Out of Poverty: Report of the Director General to the 91st International Labour Organization (ILO) Conference, Geneva. Geneva: Inter national Labour office.Pp1-110.Available at: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/relm/ilc/ilc91/pdf/rep-i-a.pdf (Retrieved on 14th November 2007)
Pedersen J 1987. Plantation Women and Children: Wage Labor, Adoption, and Fertility in the Seychelles. Ethnology, 26(1): 51-61.
Psacharopoulos G. 1997. Child labour versus educational attainment: Some Evidence from Latin America. Journal of Population Economics 10(4): 377–386.
Rena, Ravinder. 2004. Child Soldier in Armed Conflict. Sumatera Utara, Indonesia: Kalingga, Pusat Kajian dan Perlindungan Anak (PKPA)/Center for Study and Child Protection, in collaboration with UNICEF(September- October ), pp.1-2.
Rena, Ravinder. 2007. Child Rights’ Convention and Its Implementation. Indian Ocean Digest, 22 (1&2):1-11.
Rena, Ravinder. 2008. “MDGs: Africa and UN Must Rethink Strategies” (posted on http://www.worldandischool.com/subscribers/feature_detail.asp?num=25988 (January 2008 issue) This monthly magazine published by the Washington post, USA.
Rosenzweig M R and R. Everson. 1997. Fertility, Schooling, and the Economic Contribution of Children in Rural India: An Economic Analysis. Econometrica, 45: 5.
Siddiqi F and H. Patrinos. 1995. Child Labour Issues; Causes and Interventions, Human Recourse and Operations Policy. World Bank Working Paper 56, Washington D.C.: World Bank.
Swinnerton K A and C. A. Rogers. 1999. The Economics of Child Labour: Comment. American Economic Review 89 (5): 1382-85.
World Bank (1998) Child Labor: Issues and Directions for the World Bank, Washington, D.C.: World Bank.
Available Versions of this Item
The Child Labour in Developing Countries – A Challenge to Millennium Development Goals. (deposited 30. Jan 2009 07:54)
- The Child Labour in Developing Countries – A Challenge to Millennium Development Goals. (deposited 12. May 2009 08:26) [Currently Displayed]