Hirota, Keiko (2006): Review of Lead Phase Out for Air Quality Improvement in the Third World Cities Lessons from Thailand and Indonesia. Published in: Journal of Studies in Regional Science , Vol. 36, No. 2 (June 2006): pp. 527-541.
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Due to the rapid economic growth, and increase of motor vehicle ownerships in Asian countries, people are suffering from serious air pollution problems, especially in large cities. There has been a worldwide movement to eliminate lead from gasoline since the 1970s. In accordance with lead elimination from gasoline, the concentration of lead in air and its health impact have also decreased. This paper is an attempt to discuss about environmental measures in Thailand and Indonesia. From a point of view on environmental measures, the case studies show different problem and process of lead phase out policy because of different socio-economic backgrounds, the initial conditions of the oil industries and government capacity. Behinds environmental measures, the case studies indicate that the most important change driver is strong leadership to achieve consensus among different stakeholders.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Review of Lead Phase Out for Air Quality Improvement in the Third World Cities Lessons from Thailand and Indonesia|
|Keywords:||Asia, Coordination, Air Pollution, Sustainability, Regulatory Policy|
|Subjects:||R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R5 - Regional Government Analysis > R53 - Public Facility Location Analysis; Public Investment and Capital Stock
P - Economic Systems > P4 - Other Economic Systems > P41 - Planning, Coordination, and Reform
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q56 - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q53 - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
N - Economic History > N7 - Transport, Trade, Energy, Technology, and Other Services > N75 - Asia including Middle East
|Depositing User:||Keiko Hirota|
|Date Deposited:||21. May 2009 13:53|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 13:52|
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