Das, Nimai and Sarker, Debnarayan (2008): Distributional Aspect of Forest Income: A Study on JFM and non-JFM Forest Dependent Households.
Download (279kB) | Preview
This study suggests that there is a narrower scope to expand inequality with the increase in forest sources of income to total income relative to non-forest income irrespective of the type of villages and types of FPCs. The addition of forest income in the JFM households after JFM reduces measured income inequality by about twelve percent, all else equal. But no such perceptible decrease has been found after JFM situation for non-JFM households. Categorically, forest income plays the dominant role in reducing measured income inequality for poor households who are relatively asset poor and that also live below poverty line. But this study also lends credence to the fact that the non-involvement in the JFM programme by the non-JFM households might bring about a major environmental shirking, because illegal timber income constitutes the major part of all sources of income for non-JFM households even after JFM situation.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Distributional Aspect of Forest Income: A Study on JFM and non-JFM Forest Dependent Households|
|Keywords:||Joint forest management (JFM) programme, JFM and non-JFM forests, forest dependent household, inequality of income, forest income.|
|Subjects:||Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q2 - Renewable Resources and Conservation > Q23 - Forestry
D - Microeconomics > D6 - Welfare Economics > D63 - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
H - Public Economics > H4 - Publicly Provided Goods > H41 - Public Goods
D - Microeconomics > D7 - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making > D78 - Positive Analysis of Policy-Making and Implementation
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty > I32 - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
|Depositing User:||Nimai Das|
|Date Deposited:||21. May 2009 13:53|
|Last Modified:||19. Feb 2013 06:48|
Angelsen, A. and S. Wunder (2003), Exploring the forest-poverty link: key concepts, issues and research implications, CIFOR Occasional Paper No. 40, Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Indonesia.
Arnold, M. (2001), Forestry Poverty and Aid, Occasional Paper No. 33(E), Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Indonesia.
Bhattacharya, A. K. (2001), Community Participation and Sustainable Forest Development – Global Perspective, Concept Publishing Company: New Delhi.
Cavendish, W. (1999), Poverty, Inequality and Environmental Resources: Quantitative Analysis of Rural Households, Working Paper Series No. 99-9, Center for the Study of African Economics, Oxford.
Das, N. and D. Sarker (2008), Reforms in Forest Management in West Bengal: A Game of Strategic Profile, in D. Sarker (ed.), Second Generation Reforms (pp. 79-101), Allied Publishers Pvt. Ltd.: New Delhi.
Dutta K.K. (1940), The Santal Insurrection of 1955-1857, University of Calcutta: Calcutta.
Duyker, E. (1987), Tribal Guerrillas: The Santals of West Bengal and the Naxalite Movement, Oxford University Press: Delhi.
Fisher, M. (2004), Household welfare and forest dependence in Southern Malawi, Environment and Development Economics, Vol. 9, 135-154.
GoWB (1994): Role of Forest Protection Committees in West Bengal, Forest Department, Government of West Bengal, Calcutta.
Guha, R. (1989), The Unquiet Woods, Oxford University Press: Delhi.
Jaganathan, N. and O.B. Pramodhkumar (2003), A Study on the Decomposition of Income Inequality of Tribal: Households in the Nilgiris District of Tamil Nadu, Journal of Rural Development, Vol. 22, No. 4, pp. 501-515.
Jeffery, R. and N. Sundar, eds., (1999), A New Moral Economy for India’s Forests? Discourses of Community Participation, Sage Publications: New Delhi.
Jodha, N.S. (1992), Common Property Resources and Rural Poor in Dry Regions of India, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 21, 1169-1181.
Jodha, N.S. (1986), Common Property Resources: A Missing Dimension of Development Strategies, Discussion Paper No. 169, The World Bank, Washington DC.
Kumar, S. (2002), Does “Participation” in Common Pool Resource Management Help the poor? A Social Cost Benefit Analysis of Joint Forest Management in Jharkhand, India, World Development, Vol. 30, No. 5, 763-782.
Kumar, S., N. Saxena, Y. Alagh and K. Mitra (2000), India: Alleviating Poverty through Forest Development – Evaluation Country Case Study, The World Bank, Washington DC.
Mitra, A. (1997), Joint Forest Management: A Case Studies, Yojana, Vol.41, No.8, pp.41-45.
Pattanayak, S.K., E.O. Sills and R.A. Kramer (2004), Seeing the forest for the fuel, Environment and Development Economics, Vol. 9, 155-179.
Poffenberger, M. (1995), The Resurgence of Community Forest Management in the Jungle Mahals of West Bengal, in D. Arnold and R. C. Guha (eds.) Nature, Culture and Imperialism: Essays on the Environmental History of South Asia (336-69), Oxford University Press: Delhi.
Ravillion, M. (2001), The Mystery of the Vanishing Benefits: An Introduction to Impact Evaluation, The World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 15, No. 1.
Reddy, V. R. and J, Soussan (2004), Assessing the Impact of Watershed Development Programmes: A Sustainable Rural Livelihoods Framework, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 59, No. 3, pp. 331-343.
Reddy, V. R., M. G. Reddy, S. Galab, J, Soussan and O. Springate-Baginski (2004), Participatory Watershed Development in India: Can it Sustain Rural Livelihoods?, Development and Change, Vol. 35, No. 2, pp. 297-326.
Sarker, D. and N. Das (2002), Women’s Participation in Forestry: Some Theoretical Issues, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. XXXVII, No.43, pp. 4407-4412.
Sarker, D. and N. Das (2006a), Towards a Sustainable Joint Forest Management Programme: Evidence from Western Midnapore Division in West Bengal, South Asia Research, Vol. 26, No. 3, pp. 269-289.
Sarker, D. and N. Das (2006b), Social Capital and Joint Forest Management Programme: A Comparative Study of Female-headed and Joint Forest Protection Committees in West Bengal, Journal of Rural Development, Vol. 25, No. 4, pp. 537-563.
Sarker, D. and N. Das (2007), Efficiency of Market Behaviour of NTFPs for households under JFMP: A Case Study in West Bengal, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 62, No. 1, pp. 80-98.
Sarker, D. and N. Das (2008), A Study of Economic Outcome of Joint Forest Management Programme in West Bengal: The Strategic Decisions between Government and Forest Fringe Community, Indian Economic Review, Vol. 43, No. 1, pp. 17-45.
Sarmah, D. and S. N. Rai (2001), Forest Resource Management in India: Role of the State and its Effectiveness, in S.N. Chary and V. Vyasulu (eds.) Environment and Management (206-220), Macmillan: New Delhi.
Scherr, S.J., A. White and D. Kaimowitz (2002), Making Markets Work for Forest Communities, Forest Trends Policy Brief, Washington DC.
SFR (2000), State Forest Report, Office of the Principal Chief Conservator of Forest, Directorate of Forest, Government of West Bengal, Kolkata.
Sivaramakrishnan, K. (1999), Landlords, Regional Development and National Forestry Projects: Midnapore, 1930s-1960s, in R. Jeffery and N. Sundar (eds.) A New Moral Economy for India’s Forests? Discourses of Community and Participation (pp. 71- 91), Sage Publications: New Delhi.
Somanathan, E. (1991), Deforestation, Property Rights and Incentives in Central Himalaya, Economic and Political Weekly, January 26, PE37-46.
World Bank (2000), The World Bank Forest Strategy: Striking the Right Balance, in U. Lele, N. Kumar, S.A. Husain and L. Kelly (eds.), The World Bank, Washington, D.C.
World Bank (2001), A Revised Forest Strategy for the World Bank Group (Draft), The World Bank, Washington DC.
Wunder, S. (2001), Poverty Alleviation and Tropical Forests – What Scope for Synergies?, World Development, Vol. 29, 1817- 1833.