Croce, Giuseppe and Ghignoni, Emanuela (2009): Employer-provided training and knowledge spillovers: evidence from Italian local labour markets.
Download (228kB) | Preview
Following suggestions from theoretical and empirical literature on agglomeration and on social returns to education which emphasise the contribution of local knowledge spillovers to productivity and wage growth, this paper aims at uncovering the relationship between local human capital and training. Furthermore, we check the effects of other variables measuring distinctive features of local labour markets, like the degree of specialization, average firms’ size, intensity of job turnover, economic density, employment in R&D activities and some other control variables. Our key-results are consistent with the prediction that training should be more frequent in areas where the aggregate educational level is higher. Moreover, interaction between local and individual human capital is positive and significant for those with an upper secondary educational attainment. These results have proved to be robust since they are not altered when different definitions of local human capital are adopted or different sub-samples are considered (with the exception of female workers). We coped also with the problem of omitted variables and spatial sorting, that could bias econometric results, by means of a two-step strategy based on instrumental variables.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Employer-provided training and knowledge spillovers: evidence from Italian local labour markets|
|Keywords:||Keywords: training; knowledge spillovers; local labour markets|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O18 - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J24 - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R2 - Household Analysis > R23 - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population; Neighborhood Characteristics
|Date Deposited:||30. May 2009 18:25|
|Last Modified:||16. Feb 2013 00:47|
Acemoglu D., Pischke J. (1998), Why do firms train? Theory and evidence, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 113.
Acemoglu D., Pischke J. (1999), The structure of wages and investment in general training, Journal of Political Economy, 107.
Angrist J., Krueger A., (2001) Instrumental Variables and the Search for Identification: From Supply and Demand to Natural Experiments, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 15, pp.69-85.
Arulampalam W., Booth A.L., Bryan M.L. (2003), Training in Europe, discussion paper N.933, IZA, Bonn.
Bassanini A., Booth A.L., Brunello G., De Paola M., Leuven E. (2007), Workplace training in Europe, in Brunello G., Garibaldi P., Wasmer E. (eds.), Education and training in Europe, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Booth A.L., Zoega G. (2008), Worker heterogeneity, new monopsony, and training, Labour, 22.
Brunello G., Medio A. (2001), An explanation of international differences in education and workplace training, European economic review, 45.
Brunello G., Gambarotto F. (2007), Do spatial agglomeration and local labor market competition affect employer-provided training? Evidence from the UK, Regional Science and Urban Economics, 37.
Brunello G., De Paola M. (2008), Training and economic density: some evidence from Italian provinces, Labour Economics, 15.
Ciccone A., Peri G. (2006), Identifying human-capital externalities: theory with applications, Review of economic studies, 73.
Colombo E., Stanca L. (2008), The impact of training on productivity: evidence from a large panel of firms, mimeo. Conti G. (2005), Training, productivity and wages in Italy, Labour economics, 12.
Dalmazzo A., De Blasio G. (2007), Social returns to education in Italian local labor markets, Annals of regional sciences, 41.
Di Addario S., Patacchini E. (2008), Wages and the city. Evidence from Italy, Labour Economics, 15.
Duranton G., Puga D. (2004), Microfoundations of urban agglomeration economies, in Henderson J.V., Thisse J.F. (eds.), Handbook of urban and regional economics, vol.4, Elsevier, North Holland.
Henderson J.V. (2007), Understanding knowledge spillovers, Regional Science and Urban Economics, 37.
Istat (2007), Rapporto annuale sulla situazione del Paese nel 2006, Rome.
Leuven E. (2005), The economics of private sector training, Journal of economic surveys, 19.
Moretti E. (2004), Estimating the social return to higher education: evidence from longitudinal and repeated cross-sectional data, Journal of econometrics, 121.
Muehlemann S. and Wolter S.C. (2006), Regional effects on employer provided training: evidence from apprenticeship training in Switzerland, CESifo working paper N. 1665.
Rauch J. (1993), Productivity gains from geographic concentration of human capital: evidence from the cities, Journal of urban economics, 34.
Rosenthal S.S., Strange W.C. (2004), Evidence on the nature and sources of agglomeration economies, in Henderson J.V., Thisse J.F. (eds.), Handbook of urban and regional economics, vol.4, Elsevier, North Holland.
Stevens M. (1996), Transferable training and poaching externality, in A.L. Booth and D.J. Snower (eds.), Acquiring skills. Market failures, their symptoms and policy responses, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Temple J.R.W. (2001), Growth Effects of Education and Social Capital in the OECD Countries, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 2875 University of Bristol - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR), July.
Trigilia C., Ramella C. (2008) (eds.), Imprese e territori dell’alta tecnologia in Italia, Rapporti di Artimino sullo sviluppo locale.
Trivellato U., Paggiaro A., Leombruni R., Rosati S. (2005), La dinamica recente della mobilità dei lavoratori, 1998-2003, in B. Contini and U. Trivellato (a cura di), Eppur si muove. Dinamiche e persistenze nel mercato del lavoro italiano, il Mulino, Bologna.
Available Versions of this Item
Employer-provided training and knowledge spillovers: evidence from Italian local labour markets. (deposited 04. Apr 2009 18:20)
- Employer-provided training and knowledge spillovers: evidence from Italian local labour markets. (deposited 30. May 2009 18:25) [Currently Displayed]