Bachev, Hrabrin (2009): Governing of Agro-Ecosystem Services.
Download (296Kb) | Preview
In this paper we incorporate interdisciplinary New Institutional and Transaction Costs Economics (combining Economics, Organization, Law, Sociology, Behavioral and Political Sciences), and suggest a framework for analysis of mechanisms of governance of agro-ecosystem services. Firstly, we present a new approach for analysis and improvement of governance of agro-ecosystem services. It takes into account the role of specific institutional environment (formal and informal rules, distribution of rights, systems of enforcement); and behavioral characteristics of individual agents (preferences, bounded rationality, opportunism, risk aversion, trust); and transactions costs associated with ecosystem services and their critical factors (uncertainty, frequency, asset specificity, appropriability); and comparative efficiency of market, private, public and hybrid modes of governance. Secondly, we identify spectrum of market and private forms of governance of agro-ecosystem services (voluntary initiatives; market trade with eco-products and services; special contractual arrangements; collective actions; vertical integration), and evaluate their efficiency and potential. Next, we identify needs for public involvement in the governance of agro-ecosystem services, and assess comparative efficiency of alternative modes of public interventions (assistance, regulations, funding, taxing, provision, partnership, property right modernization). Finally, we analyze structure and efficiency of governance of agro-ecosystems services in Zapadna Stara Planina – a mountainous region in North-West Bulgaria. Post-communist transition and EU integration has brought about significant changes in the state and governance of agro-ecosystems services. Newly evolved market, private and public governance has led to significant improvement of part of agro-ecosystems services introducing modern eco-standards and public support, enhancing environmental stewardship, desintensifying production, recovering landscape and traditional productions, diversifying quality, products, and services. At the same time, novel governance is associated with some new challenges such as unsustainable exploitation, lost biodiversity, land degradation, water and air contamination. What is more, implementation of EU common policies would have no desired impact on agro-ecosystem services unless special measures are taken to improve management of public programs, and extend public support to dominating small-scale and subsistence farms.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Governing of Agro-Ecosystem Services|
|Keywords:||agro-ecosystem services; market, private, public and hybrid governance; Bulgaria|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D8 - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty > D86 - Economics of Contract: Theory
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q2 - Renewable Resources and Conservation > Q28 - Government Policy
H - Public Economics > H4 - Publicly Provided Goods > H41 - Public Goods
H - Public Economics > H2 - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue > H23 - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q57 - Ecological Economics: Ecosystem Services; Biodiversity Conservation; Bioeconomics; Industrial Ecology
L - Industrial Organization > L1 - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance > L14 - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation; Networks
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q3 - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation > Q38 - Government Policy
K - Law and Economics > K3 - Other Substantive Areas of Law > K32 - Environmental, Health, and Safety Law
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture > Q13 - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture > Q15 - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
D - Microeconomics > D2 - Production and Organizations > D21 - Firm Behavior: Theory
D - Microeconomics > D7 - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making > D73 - Bureaucracy; Administrative Processes in Public Organizations; Corruption
D - Microeconomics > D0 - General > D02 - Institutions: Design, Formation, and Operations
K - Law and Economics > K0 - General > K00 - General
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O13 - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Other Primary Products
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q0 - General > Q01 - Sustainable Development
P - Economic Systems > P2 - Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies > P28 - Natural Resources; Energy; Environment
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture > Q12 - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture > Q18 - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
D - Microeconomics > D2 - Production and Organizations > D23 - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q3 - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation > Q34 - Natural Resources and Domestic and International Conflicts
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O17 - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
D - Microeconomics > D7 - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making > D74 - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q56 - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q2 - Renewable Resources and Conservation > Q27 - Issues in International Trade
L - Industrial Organization > L2 - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior > L22 - Firm Organization and Market Structure
|Depositing User:||Hrabrin Bachev|
|Date Deposited:||04. Jun 2009 03:04|
|Last Modified:||16. Feb 2013 08:38|
Antle, J. (2007). Modeling Agro-ecosystem Services for Policy Analysis, paper for the Workshop on “California Agro-ecosystem Services: Assessment, Valuation and Policy Perspectives”, University of California at Davis, September, 2007
Bachev, H. (2004). Efficiency of Agrarian Organizations, Farm Management and Rural Planning No 5, Fukuoka: Kyushu University Press, 135-150.
Bachev, H. (2006). Governing of Bulgarian Farms – Modes, Efficiency, Impact of EU Accession, in J.Curtiss, A.Balmann, K.Dautzenberg and K.Happe (editors), Agriculture in the Face of Changing Markets, Institutions and Policies: Challenges and Strategies” (133-149). Halle (Saale): IAMO.
Bachev, H. (2007). Governing of Agrarian Sustainability, ICFAI Journal of Environmental Law, Vol.VI, No 2, Hyderabad: ICFAI University, 7-25.
Bachev, H. (2008). Management of Environmental Challenges and Sustainability of Bulgarian Agriculture, in P.Liota, D.Mouat, W.Kepner, and J.Lancaster (editors), Environmental Challenges and Human Security: Recognizing and Acting on Hazard Impacts (117–142). The Netherlands: Springer.
Bachev, H. (2009). Mechanisms of Governance of Agrarian Sustainability, in F. Columbus (editor), Sustainable Agriculture: Technology, Planning and Management. New York: Nova Science.
Bachev, H. & Labonne, M. (2000). About Agrarian Innovations, Montpellier: INRA.
Berge, E. & Stenseth, N. (editors) (1998). Law and the Governance of Renewable Resources. Studies from Northern Europe and Africa, Oakland: ICS Press.
Boyd, J. & Banzhaf, S. (2007). What Are Ecosystem Services? The Need for Standardized Environmental Accounting Units, Resources for the future, Elsevier B.V.
Coase, R. (1960). The Problem of Social Costs, Journal of Law and Economics 3, 1-44.
Daily, G. (editor) (1997). Nature's Services: Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems. Island Press, Washington, D.C.
Daily, G. (2000). Management objectives for the protection of ecosystem services. Environmental Science and Policy 3, 333-339.
Daily, G., Söderqvist, T., Aniyar, S., Arrow, K., Dasgupta, P., Ehrlich, P., Folke, C., Jansson, A., Jansson, B., Kautsky, N., Levin, S., Lubchenco, J., Mäler, K., Simpson, D., Starrett, D., Tilman, D. & Walker, B. (2000). The value of nature and the nature of value. Science 289, 395-396.
Dupraz, P., Latouch, K. & Bonnieux F. (2004). Economic Implications of Scale and Threshold Effects in Agri-environmental Processes, paper presented at the 90 EAAE Seminar, 27-29 October 2004, Rennes.
Duraiappah, A. (2007). Markets for Ecosystem Services, A Potential Tool for Multilateral Environmental Agreements, International Institute for Sustainable Development, Winnipeg.
EEA (2007), Annual State of the Environment Report. Sofia: Executive Environment Agency.
EC (2005). Agri-environment Measures, Overview on General Principles, Types of Measures, and Application. Evaluation of Measures applied to Agriculture Studies. European Commission, Directorate General for Agriculture and Rural Development.
ECOTEC (2001). Study on the Economic and Environmental Implications of the Use of Environmental Taxes and Charges in the EU and its Member Sates. Brussels: ECOTEC Research and Consulting.
Farber, S., Costanza, R. & Wilson, M. (2002). Economic and ecological concepts for valuing ecosystem services. Ecological Economics 41, 375-392.
Furuboth, E. & Richter, R. (1998). Institutions and Economic Theory: The Contribution of the New Institutional Economics. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.
Gatzweiler, F., Hagedorn, K. & Sikor, T. (2002). People, Institutions and Agroecosystems in Transition, paper resented at "The Commons in an Age of Globalization", 9th Conference of International Association for Study of Common Property, Victoria Falls, June 17-21, 2002.
Grigorova, Y. & Kazakova, Y. (2008). High Nature Value farmlands: Recognizing the importance of South East European landscapes, Case study report, Western Stara Planina, WWF Danube-Carpathian Programme and European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism (EFNCP).
Hagedorn, K. (editor) (2002). Environmental Cooperation and Institutional Change. Cheltenham: Edward Edgar.
Hanson, C, Ranganathan, J., Iceland, C. & Finisdore, J. (2008) The Corporate Ecosystem Services Review. Guidelines for Identifying Business Risks and Opportunities Arising from Ecosystem Change, World Resources Institute.
Hardin, G. (1968). The Tragedy of the Commons, Science Vol. 162. no. 3859, 1243 - 1248.
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA). 2005. Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Synthesis. Island Press, Washington.
MAF (2008). Agrarian paper and Statistics. Sofia: Ministry of Agriculture and Food.
MEW (2008). Official papers. Sofia: Ministry of Environment and Water.
Mori T. (1991): The History of Japanese Agriculture, in "Agricultural Policy in Japan", XXI IAAE Conference, Tokyo.
NSI (2008). Statistical Book. Sofia: National Statistical Institute.
North, D. (1990). Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Olson, M. (1969). The Logic of Collective Actions: Public Goods and the Theory of Groups. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
OECD (2001). Multifunctionality: Towards an Analytical Framework. Paris: OECD.
Pigou, A. (1920). Economics of Welfare. London: Macmillan and Co.
Raman, S. (2006). Agricultural Sustainability. Principles, Processes and Prospect., New York: The Haworth Press Inc. UN (1992). Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, 3-14 June 1992, Rio de Janeiro: UN.
VanLoon, G., Patil, S., & Hugar, L. (2005). Agricultural Sustainability: Strategies for Assessment. London: SAGE Publications.
Williamson, O. (1996). The Mechanisms of Governance. New York: Oxford University Press.
WISP (2008). Forgotten Services, Diminished Goods: understanding the agro-ecosystem of pastoralism, World Initiative for Sustainable Pastoralism, Policy note No. 8.