Chen, Xikang and Cheng, Leonard and Fung, K.C. and Lau, Lawrence J. and Sung, YunWing and Yang, C. and Zhu, K. and Pei, J. and Tang, Z. (2008): Domestic Value Added and Employment Generated by Chinese Exports: A Quantitative Estimation.
Download (256kB) | Preview
We develop an input-output methodology to estimate how Chinese exports affect the country’s total domestic value added (DVA) and employment for 1995 and 2002. Total DVA generated by exports is obtained by subtracting all direct and indirect imported intermediate goods from the gross value of exports, and total employment is obtained by adding all direct and indirect employment generated by exports. To implement these estimations, we use hitherto unpublished Chinese government data to construct several completely new datasets, including an input-output table with separate input-output and employment-output coefficients for processing and non-processing exports. In 2002 (1995), for every US$1,000 dollar of Chinese exports, DVA and employment are estimated to be US$466 (US$545) and 0.242 (0.375) person-year, respectively.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Domestic Value Added and Employment Generated by Chinese Exports: A Quantitative Estimation|
|Keywords:||Input-output tables, Chinese exports, employment, domestic value added|
|Subjects:||P - Economic Systems > P3 - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions > P33 - International Trade, Finance, Investment, Relations, and Aid
P - Economic Systems > P4 - Other Economic Systems > P45 - International Trade, Finance, Investment, and Aid
F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F14 - Empirical Studies of Trade
|Depositing User:||K.C. Fung|
|Date Deposited:||12. Jun 2009 03:36|
|Last Modified:||18. May 2015 11:40|
Amiti, Mary and Caroline Freund, 2008, “An Anatomy of China’s Export Growth,” Working Paper, International Research Division, Federal Reserve Bank of New York. Bernad, A.B., J. Eaton, B. Jensen and S.S. Kortum, 2003, “Plants and Productivity in International Trade,” American Economic Review, 93: 1268-1290. Chen, Xikang, Leonard K. Cheng, K.C. Fung and Lawrence J. Lau, 2004, “The Estimation of Domestic Value Added and Employment Induced by Exports: An Application to Chinese Exports to the United States,” paper presented at the 2005 American Economic Association Meeting, Philadelphia and Working Paper, Stanford University. Chen Xikang, Guo Ju-e & Yang Cuihong, 2005, “Extending the Input-output Model with Assets, Economic Systems Research, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 211-225. Chen, Xikang, 1999, “Input-Occupancy-Output Analysis and Its Application in the Chinese Economy,” in Shri Bhagwan Dahiya (ed.) The Current State of Economic Science, Rohtak: Spellbound Publication, Pvt, Ltd. Dean, Judith, K.C. Fung and Zhi Wang, 2007, “Measuring the Vertical Specialization in Chinese Trade,” U.S. International Trade Commission Working Paper No.2007-01-A, The United States Dean, Judith, K.C.Fung and Zhi Wang, 2008, “How Vertically Specialized is Chinese Trade?”, U.S. International Trade Commission Working Paper No. 2008-09-D, The United States Government, Washington, D.C. Feenstra, Robert and Chang Hong, 2007, “China’s Exports and Employment,” NBER Working Paper No. 13552. Helpman, E., Melitz, M.J. and S.R. Yeaples, 2004, “Exports versus FDI with Heterogeneous Firms,” American Economic Review, v. 94, No.1, pp.300-316. Hummels, David, Jun Ishii and Kei-Mu Yi, 2001, “The Nature and Growth of Vertical Specialization in World Trade,” Journal of International Economics 54:75-96. Koopman, Robert, Zhi Wang and Shang-Jin Wei, 2008, “How Much of Chinese Exports Is Really Made in China? Assessing Foreign and Domestic Value Added in Gross Exports,” U.S. International Trade Commission Working Paper No. 2008-03-B, The United States Government, Washington, D.C. Lau, Lawrence J., Xikang Chen, Leonard K. Cheng, K. C. Fung, Jiansuo Pei, Yun-Wing Sung,Zhipeng Tang, Yanyan Xiong, Cuihong Yang, and Kunfu Zhu, 2006, “Estimates of U.S.- 25 25 China Trade Balances in Terms of Domestic Value-Added,” Working Paper No. 295, Stanford Center for International Development, Stanford University. Ng, Francis, 2003, “ Major Trade Trends in Asia—What are the Implications for Regional Cooperation and Growth?” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3084. Ng, Francis and Alexander Yeats, 2001, “ Production Sharing in East Asia: Who Does What for Whom and Why?” in Leonard K. Cheng and Henrik Kierzkowski (eds.) Global Production and Trade in East Asia. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Rodrik, Dani, 2006, “What’s So Special About China’s Exports?” NBER Working Paper No. 11947. Schott, Peter, 2005, “The Relative Sophistication of Chinese Exports,” NBER Working Paper No. 12173. U.S. Congressional Budget Office, 2008, “How Changes in the Value of the Chinese Currency Affect U.S. Imports,” (with Web Appendix A: The Domestic Value Added of Chinese Exports), CBO Working Paper, United States Government: Washington, D.C.