Agurto Adrianzen, Marcos (2009): The Role of Social Capital in the Adoption of Firewood Efficient Stoves in the Northern Peruvian Andes.
Download (670Kb) | Preview
This paper explores rural households’ adoption of a new cooking technology in the Northern Peruvian Andes. It exploits a development intervention which distributed and installed, at no cost, firewood efficient stoves in the rural communities of Chalaco District. Using first hand data, collected from the beneficiary villages, this research investigates how village technology adoption patterns and village social capital mutually interact and influence the individual household’s adoption decision. The results in this paper indicate that the effect of village adoption patterns on the household’s adoption decision is significantly higher in villages with stronger social capital and that the marginal impact of social capital may be negative if village success in adoption is relatively low. It is also shown that only the proportion of adopters that did not experience problems with their own stoves has a positive impact on individual household adoption through its interaction with social capital, while the reverse is true for the village proportion of adopters experiencing problems with the new cooking technology. In this study measures of social capital were collected prior to the intervention; therefore, reverse causality should not be a critical issue in identifying the effects of this social variable. Village unobservable factors are not likely to drive the observed patterns in the data; this paper also shows that village success in adoption has a negative effect on the decision to uninstall the stove among beneficiary non users and that this effect is also increasing in village social capital. The results point to the importance of village social structures in the success of development interventions.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The Role of Social Capital in the Adoption of Firewood Efficient Stoves in the Northern Peruvian Andes|
|Keywords:||social capita / social learning / technology adoption / firewood stoves|
|Subjects:||Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q55 - Technological Innovation
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights > O33 - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
D - Microeconomics > D8 - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty > D83 - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O12 - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
|Depositing User:||Marcos Agurto Adrianzen|
|Date Deposited:||26. Jun 2009 06:13|
|Last Modified:||19. Feb 2013 22:26|
Bandiera, Oriana and Rasul, Imran (2006). “Social Networks and Technology Adoption in Northern Mozambique”. The Economic Journal, 116-514: 869-902.
Chen, Le et al (2006). “Energy Consumption in Rural China: A Household Model for Three villages in Jiangxi Province.” Ecological Economics, 57: 407-420.
Dasgupta, Partha (2005). “The Economics of Social Capital”. Economic Record. 81-1:2-21.
Durlauf, Steven and Brock, William (2007). “Identification of binary choice models with social interactions”. Journal of Econometrics, 140-1. 52-75.
Durlauf, Steven and Brock, William (2003). “Discrete Choice with Social Interactions”. The Review of Economic Studies, 68-2: 235-260.
Durlauf, Steven and Fafchamps, Marcel (2004). “Social Capital”. Mimeo, University of Wisconsin at Madison.
Durlauf, Steven (2002). “On the Empirics of Social Capital”. The Economic Journal, 112-483. 459:479.
Durlauf, Steven and Brock, William (2000). “Interaction Based Models”. Handbook of Econometrics 5. James H. Heckman and Edward Leamer, eds.
Grados, Nora et al. (2004). Estudio Socioeconómico del Distrito de Chalaco. Mimeo, Universidad de Piura, MIRHASPERU, PROPERU and AECI.
Heltberg, Rasmus et al (2000). “Fuelwood Consumption and Forest Degradation: A Household Model for Energy Domestic Substitution in Rural India”. Land Economics, 76-2. 213-232.
Isham, Jonathan (2002). “The Effect of Social Capital on Fertiliser Adoption: Evidence from Rural Tanzania”. Journal of African Economics, 11:39-60.
Manski, Charles (1993). “Identification of Social Effects; The Reflection Problem”. Review of Economic Studies, 60:531-542.
Narayan, D. and Pritchett, L. (1999). “Cents and Sociability: Household Income and Social Capital in Rural Tanzania”. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 47:871–89.
Udry, Christopher and Conley, Timothy (2008). “Learning About a New Technology: Pineapple in Ghana”. Working paper version.
Urday, Gonzalo (2006). “Estado del Sistema de Cocinas de Bajo Uso de Lena”. MIRHASPERU–reporte interno.
Ureta Vaquero, Iván (2007). “Experiencias y Lecciones de Desarrollo Rural: Sistematización del Programa de Desarrollo Sostenible de Ecosistemas de Montana del Perú – Programa Chalaco”. Edición electrónica gratuita. Texto completo en www.eumed.net/libros/2007a/228/
Woolcock, Michael (1998). “Social capital and economic development: Toward a Theoretical synthesis and policy framework”. Theory and Society, 27-2: 151-208.
Available Versions of this Item
- The Role of Social Capital in the Adoption of Firewood Efficient Stoves in the Northern Peruvian Andes. (deposited 26. Jun 2009 06:13) [Currently Displayed]