Tanaka, Tomomi and Camerer, Colin and Nguyen, Quang (2009): Measuring Norms of Redistributive Transfers: Trust Experiments and Survey Data from Vietnam.
Download (9MB) | Preview
This paper compares the social norms of distributive transfers within village communities in the north and south of Vietnam by analyzing household survey and experimental data. The results of household data analysis show private transfers flow from high-income households to low-income households in the south where social safety net is limited. In contrast, private transfers do not correlate with pre-transfer income in the north where public transfers are more widespread. In addition, public transfers crowd out private transfers in the north. We conducted trust game in both regions and found consistent results. People in the south are more altruistic toward the poor: they send more to the poor without expecting higher repayment. This pattern is consistent with the idea that private norms of redistribution from rich to poor are active in the south but are crowded out in the north, possibly by communist public institutions, although we observe a strong overall positive effect of communism on reciprocity in the north.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Measuring Norms of Redistributive Transfers: Trust Experiments and Survey Data from Vietnam|
|Keywords:||Field experiment; Trust; Vietnam|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D8 - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty > D81 - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty
D - Microeconomics > D6 - Welfare Economics > D64 - Altruism; Philanthropy
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C9 - Design of Experiments > C93 - Field Experiments
|Depositing User:||Quang Nguyen|
|Date Deposited:||08. Jul 2009 02:39|
|Last Modified:||16. Feb 2013 02:24|
Alesina, Alberto and Fuchs-Schundeln, Nicola. 2007. "Good-Bye Lenin (nor Not?): The Effect of Communism on People's Preferences." American Economic Review, 97(4), pp. 1507-28.
Ashraf, Nava; Bohnet, Iris and Piankov, Nikita. 2006. "Decomposing Trust and Trustworthiness." Experimental Economics, 9(2), pp. 193-208. ____. 2004. "Is Trust a Bad Investment?," Harvard University Working Paper.
Barr and Abigail. 2001. "Trust and Expected Trustworthiness: An Experimental Investigation," University of Oxford Centre of the Study of African Economics Working Paper.
Barr, Abigail. 1999. "Familiarity and Trust: An Experimental Investigation," Oxford University Center for the Study of African Economies Working Paper.
Camerer, Colin F. 2000. "Prospect Theory in the Wild," In Choices, Values and Frames. D. Kahneman and A. Tversky, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,
Cardenas, Juan-Camilo and Carpenter, Jeffey. 2005. "Experiments on Equipment: Lessons from Labs in the Field around the World," Universidad de los Andes Facultad de Economia Working Paper.
Carter, Michael R. and Castillo, Marco. 2003. "An Experimental Approach to Social Capital in South Africa," University of Wisconsin-Madison Agricultural & Applied Economics Staff Paper.
____. 2002. "The Economic Impacts of Altruism, Trust and Reciprocity: An Experimental Approach to Social Capital," University of Wisconsin-Madison Agricultural & Applied Economics Staff Paper.
Cox, Donald. 1987. "Motives for Private Income Transfers." Journal of Political Economy, 95(3), pp. 508-46.
Cox, Donald; Eser, Zekeriya and Jimenez, Emmanuel. 1998. "Motives for Private Transfers over the Life Cycle: An Analytical Framework and Evidence for Peru." Journal of Development Economics, 55(1), pp. 57-80.
Cox, Donald; Hansen, Bruce E. and Jimenez, Emmanuel. 2004. "How Responsive Are Private Transfers to Income? Evidence from a Laissez-Faire Economy." Journal of Public Economics, 88(9-10), pp. 2193-219.
Cox, Donald and Jimenez, Emmanuel. 1998. "Risk Sharing and Private Transfers: What About Urban Households?" Economic Development and Cultural Change, 46(3), pp. 621-37.
Eckel, Catherine C. and Wilson, Rick K. 2004. "Is Trust a Risky Decision?" Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 55(4), pp. 447-65.
Ensminger, Jean. 2000. "Experimental Economics in the Bush: Why Institutions Matter," In Institutions and Organizations. C. Menard, London: Edward Elgar,
Fukuyama, Francis. 2002. "Social Capital and Development: The Coming Agenda." SAIS Review, 21, pp. 23-37.
Hansen, James; Marx, Sabine and Weber, Elke. 2004. "Expectations and Forecasts in Farmer Decision Making: The Argentine Pampas and South Florida," New York: International Research Institute for Climate Prediction (IRI).
Harbaugh; T., William; Krause, Kate and Liday, Steve. 2000. "Children's Bargaining Behavior: Differences by Age, Gender, and Height," University of Oregon Working Paper.
Holm, Håkan J. and Danielson, Anders. 2005. "Tropic Trust Versus Nordic Trust: Experimental Evidence from Tanzania and Sweden." Economic Journal, 115(503), pp. 505-32.15
Hsu, Ming; Krajbich, Ian; Zhao, Chen and Camerer, Colin F. 2008. Neural Response to Reward Anticipation under Risk is Nonlinear in Probabilities. Caltech working paper.
Humphrey, Steven J. and Verschoor, Arjan. 2004. "The Probability Weighting Function: Experimental Evidence from Uganda, India and Ethiopia." Economics Letters, 84(3), pp. 419-25
Johansson-Stenman, Olof; Mahmud, Minhaj and Martinsson, Peter. 2004. "Trust, Trust Games and Stated Trust: Evidence from Rural Bangladesh," Göteborg University Department of Economics Working Paper.
Karlan, Dean S. 2005. "Using Experimental Economics to Measure Social Capital and Predict Financial Decisions." American Economic Review, 95(5), pp. 1688-99.
Knack, Stephen and Keefer, Philip. 1997. "Does Social Capital Have an Economic Payoff?: A Cross-Country Investigation." Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112(4), pp. 1251-88.
Lucas, Robert E. B. and Stark, Oded. 1985. "Motivations to Remit: Evidence from Botswana." Journal of Political Economy, 93(901-918).
Mosley, Paul and Verschoor, Arjan. 2003. "The Development of Trust and Social Capital in Rural Uganda: An Experimental Approach," University of Sheffield Working Paper.
Nielsen, Uffe. 2001. "Poverty and Attitudes Towards Time and Risk - Experimental Evidence from Madagascar," Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University of Denmark Working Paper.
Pingali; Prabhu and Xuan, Vo-Tong. 1992. "Vietnam: Decollectization and Rice Productivity Growth." Economic Development and Cultural Change, 40(4), pp. 697-718.
Prelec, Drazen. 1998. "The Probability Weighting Function." Econometrica, 66(3), pp. 497-527.
Putnam, Robert D. 1995. "Turning in, Turning Out: The Strange Disappearance of Social Capital in America." PS: Political Science and Politics, 28(4), pp. 664-83.
Rambo, A. Terry. 1973. Comparison of Peasant Social Systems of Northern and Southern Viet-Nam: A Study of Ecological Adaptation, Social Succession, and Cultural Evolution. Center for Vietnamese Studies, Southern Illinois University.
Ravallion, Martin and Dearden, Lorraine. 1988. "Social Security in a “Moral Economy”: An Empirical Analysis for Java." Review of Economics and Statistics, 70(1), pp. 36-44.
Rilling, James K.; ; Gutman, David A.; Zeh, Thorsten R.; Pagnoni, Gluseppe; Berns, Gregory S. and Kilts, Clinton D. 2002. "A Neural Basis for Social Cooperation." Neuron, 35(2), pp. 395-405.
Rosenzweig, Mark and Stark, Oded. 1989. "Consumption Smoothing, Migration and Marriage: Evidence from Rural India." Journal of Political Economy, 97(4), pp. 905-27.
Schechter and Laura. 2005. "Traditional Trust Measurement and the Risk Confound: An Experiment in Rural Paraguay." Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, forthcoming.
Tanaka, Tomomi; Camerer, Colin F. and Nguyen, Quang. 2008. "Risk and Time Preferences: Experimental and Household Survey Data from Vietnam," Arizona State University.
Townsend, Robert M. 1994. "Risk and Insurance in Village India." Econometrica, 62(3), pp. 539-91.
Tversky, Amos and Kahneman, Daniel. 1992. "Advances in Prospect-Theory - Cumulative Representation of Uncertainty." Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 5(4), pp. 297-323.
Wik, Mette and Holden, Stein. 1998. "Experimental Studies of Peasant's Attitutes toward Risk in Northern Zambia," Agricultural University of Norway Department of Economics and Social Sciences Working Paper. 16
Xuan, Vo-Tong. 1995. "Rice Production, Agricultural Research, and the Environment," In Vietnam's Rural Transformation. Kerkvliet, B. J. Tria, Porter and D. J., Boulder: Westview Press,
Yesuf, Mahmud. 2004. "Risk, Time and Land Management under Market Imperfections: Applications to Ethiopia," Göteborg University Working Paper.