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Impact de la mondialisation et des inégalités sur la pauvreté en Europe de l'Est: Approche par la méthode des moments généralisés

Otchia Samen, Christian (2006): Impact de la mondialisation et des inégalités sur la pauvreté en Europe de l'Est: Approche par la méthode des moments généralisés.

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Abstract

The aim of this paper was to determine the impact of globalisation and inequality on poverty using unbalanced panel data relating to seven countries of East Europe (Lithuania, Romania, Russia, Hungary, Poland, Estonia, Kirghizistan) from 1998 to 2003. The results led us to affirm that globalisation doesn't ensure the poverty reduction. On the contrary, the evidence showed that globalisation, understood like the liberalisation of the international trade, increases the number of poor and vulnerable persons. About inequality, it proves to be varying in the same sense than poverty. Indeed, we confirm the thesis that the inequality increase leads to poverty increase. The per capita income has been introduced like a control variable. The conclusion is that the per capital income increase leads to poverty reduction, especially when it’s accompanied by measures of distributions in favour of all population fringes.

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