Khan, Muhammad (2009): Adverse health effects, risk perception and pesticide use behavior.
Download (610Kb) | Preview
The use of pesticides on the farm is largely governed by voluntary behavior. It is important to understand what drives farmer’s behavior of pesticide use. Health belief models in public health and social psychology argue that persons who have had adverse health experiences are likely to undertake greater preventive behavior which was tested here. We drew a survey of 163 farmers in, Vehari and Lodhran District of southern Punjab. Almost all the farmers were found, using pesticides extensively and covering their body partially. Resultantly more than 77% farmers experienced at least one health symptom. The analysis appeared to confirm the hypothesis that Farmers who have experienced health problems from pesticide are having heightened concern about health effects of pesticides, than farmers who have not experienced such problems. Farmers who report experiencing such problems are also more likely to report using protective clothing than farmers who do not report having such problems. The study however, does not support the hypothesis that Farmers who have had experienced health problems from pesticides are likely to use alternative pest management practices. Finally study concludes that to improve practices of pesticide use, specific and relevant information through training programs should be provided to farmers focusing health and environmental risks of pesticide use.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Adverse health effects, risk perception and pesticide use behavior|
|English Title:||Adverse health effects, risk perception and pesticide use behavior|
|Keywords:||Health experiences, risk perception, health belief, pesticide use behavior|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I1 - Health > I12 - Health Production
A - General Economics and Teaching > A1 - General Economics > A14 - Sociology of Economics
|Depositing User:||Muhammad Khan Muhammad khan Bhatti|
|Date Deposited:||15. Jul 2009 13:43|
|Last Modified:||17. Mar 2014 03:41|
Agriculture census 2000. Procedure and data tables Punjab. Statistics division, Agriculture census organization Lahore, Pakistan
Al-Saleh, I. A. (1994). “Pesticides: A Review Article”, Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology, Vol. 13, No. 3, Pg. 151-56.
Buckley NA, Karalliedde L, Dawson A, Senanayake N & Eddleston M (2004). “Where is the evidence for the management of pesticide poisoning – is clinical toxicology fiddling while the developing world burns”? Journal of Toxicology. Clinical Toxicology 42, 1–4.
Clarke, E. E., L. S. Levy, A. Spurgeon and I. A Calvert (1997): “The problems associated with pesticides use by irrigation workers in Ghana”, Occupational Medicine, Vol. 47, Issue 5, Pg. 301-308
Damalas CA, Georgiou EB, Theodorou MG (2006). Pesticide use and safety practices among Greek tobacco farmers: a survey: International journal of Environmental Health 2006 Oct; 16(5):339-48
Dasgupta S., Meisner C. (2005).Health effects and pesticide perception as determinants of pesticide use: evidence from Bangladesh; World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3776, November 2005.
D. J., Baumann. L, and Brown R. L. (2006). Applying a Health Behavior Theory to Explore the Influence of Information and Experience on Arsenic Risk Representations, Policy Beliefs, and Protective Behavior: Risk Analysis, Vol. 26, No. 2, 2006
Finance Division. 2008. Economic survey 2007-2008, Government of Pakistan economic adviser’s wing, Islamabad Pakistan. Forget, G. (1991). “Pesticides and the third world”, Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Vol.32, Pg. 11-13
Gunnell D & Eddleston M (2003) “Suicide by intentional ingestion of pesticides: a continuing tragedy in developing countries”. International Journal of Epidemiology 32, 902–909.
Huang. Chung L. (1993).”Simultaneous-Equation Model for Estimating Consumer Risk Perceptions, Attitudes and Willingness-to-Pay for Residue-Free Produce”: Journal of Consumer Affairs, Vol. 27, 1993
Huang, Et al(2003).”Farm Pesticide, Rice Production, and Human Health” Research Reports http://188.8.131.52/publications/research1/ACF268.html
Kishi, M. et al (1995): “Relationship of pesticide spraying to signs and symptoms in Indonesian farmers”, Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Vol. 21, Pg.124-133.
Kishi M. (2002). Farmers' perceptions of pesticides, and resultant health problems from exposures.International journal of ocoppational and environmental health.
Koh, D., & Jeyaratnam, J. (1996); Pesticides hazards in developing countries. Science of the Total Environment 188(Suppl. 1), S78–S85.
Lichtenberg E., Zimmerman R. (1999). Adverse Health Experiences, Environmental Attitudes, and Pesticide Usage Behavior of Farm Operators: Risk Analysis, Vol. 19, No. 2, 1999.
Lichtenberg E., Zimmerman R. (1999).”Information and farmers’ attitudes about pesticides, water quality, and related environmental effects”. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 73 (1999) 227–236.
National fertilizer development center 2002. “Pesticide use survey report 2002”, Islamabad Pakistan.
Pimentel, D. and A. Greiner. (1996); Environmental and socio-economic costs of pesticide use. In D. Pimentel, ed. Techniques for Reducing Pesticides: Environmental and Economic Benefits. Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons. In press.
Quijano R, Panganiban L, Cortes-Maramba N. (1993); Time to blow the whistle; dangers of toxic chemicals. World Health 46(5):26-27 (1993).
Rao Srinivas, Venkateswarlu V., Surender T., Eddleston Michael and Buckley Nick. A. (2005); Pesticide poisoning in south India: opportunities for prevention and improved medical management: Tropical Medicine and International Health
World Health Organization (WHO) 1990; Public Health Impact of Pesticides Used in Agriculture, 1990. World Health Organization: New York, USA.
Yassin M. M. , Abu Mourad. T. A and Safi J M(2002);Know ledge, attitude, practice, and toxicity symptoms associated with pesticide use among farm workers in the Gaza Strip: Occupational and Environmental Medicine ;59:387-393