Fischer, Justina AV (2008): The Welfare Effects of Social Mobility.
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The question whether a socially mobile society is conducive to subjective well-being (SWB) has rarely been investigated. This paper fills this gap by analyzing the SWB effects of intergenerational earnings mobility and equality in education at the societal level. Using socio-demographic information on 44’000 individuals in 30 OECD countries obtained from the World Values Survey, this study shows that living in a socially mobile society is conducive to individual life satisfaction. Differentiating between perceived and actual social mobility, we find that both exert rather independent effects, particularly in their interplay with income inequality. We identify a positive interaction of perceived social mobility that mitigates its overall SWB lowering effect, supporting Alesina et al. (2004). In contrast, a high degree of actual social mobility yields an overall impact of income inequality that is SWB lowering, while for low social mobility the effect of inequality is positive. These interactions hold stronger for pre-transfer than post-transfer income inequality. Actual social mobility appears to be appreciated only by conservative persons, while leftist oriented individuals are indifferent. Robustness using a world sample is tested.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The Welfare Effects of Social Mobility|
|Keywords:||Social mobility; Happiness; Well-Being; Life satisfaction; Inequality; Voting; Equal opportunities|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies > J62 - Job, Occupational, and Intergenerational Mobility
D - Microeconomics > D6 - Welfare Economics > D63 - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
D - Microeconomics > D3 - Distribution > D31 - Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty > I31 - General Welfare
A - General Economics and Teaching > A1 - General Economics > A14 - Sociology of Economics
|Depositing User:||Justina AV Fischer|
|Date Deposited:||20. Jul 2009 05:29|
|Last Modified:||15. Feb 2013 18:36|
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