Takahashi, Taiki and Hadzibeganovic, Tarik and Cannas, Sergio and Makino, Takaki and Fukui, Hiroki and Kitayama, Shinobu (2009): Cultural neuroeconomics of intertemporal choice.
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According to theories of cultural neuroscience, Westerners and Easterners may have distinct styles of cognition (e.g., different allocation of attention). Previous research has shown that Westerners and Easterners tend to utilize analytical and holistic cognitive styles, respectively. On the other hand, little is known regarding the cultural differences in neuroeconomic behavior. For instance, economic decisions may be affected by cultural differences in neurocomputational processing underlying attention; however, this area of neuroeconomics has been largely understudied. In the present paper, we attempt to bridge this gap by considering the links between the theory of cultural neuroscience and neuroeconomic theory of the role of attention in intertemporal choice. We predict that (i) Westerners are more impulsive and inconsistent in intertemporal choice in comparison to Easterners, and (ii) Westerners more steeply discount delayed monetary losses than Easterners. We examine these predictions by utilizing a novel temporal discounting model based on Tsallis' statistics (i.e. a q-exponential model). Our preliminary analysis of temporal discounting of gains and losses by Americans and Japanese confirmed the predictions from the cultural neuroeconomic theory. Future study directions, employing computational modeling via neural networks, are briefly outlined and discussed.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Cultural neuroeconomics of intertemporal choice|
|English Title:||Cultural neuroeconomics of intertemporal choice|
|Keywords:||Cultural neuroscience; neuroeconomics; intertemporal choice; attention allocation; Tsallis’ statistics; neural networks|
|Subjects:||C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C6 - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling > C63 - Computational Techniques; Simulation Modeling
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C0 - General > C02 - Mathematical Methods
Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics; Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology > Z19 - Other
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C4 - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics > C49 - Other
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C9 - Design of Experiments > C91 - Laboratory, Individual Behavior
|Depositing User:||Tarik Hadzibeganovic|
|Date Deposited:||18. Aug 2009 00:18|
|Last Modified:||21. Feb 2013 02:46|
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