De Paola, Maria and Scoppa, Vincenzo (2009): Effects of Class Size on Achievement of College Students.
Download (104kB) | Preview
In this paper we investigate the effects of class size on the achievements of a sample of college students enrolled at a middle-sized Italian public university. To estimate the effects of class size we exploit the exogenous variations in class size determined by a maximum class size rule introduced by the 2001 Italian university reform. From our analysis it emerges that large teaching classes produce negative effects on student performance measured both in terms of the grades obtained in exams and the probability of passing exams. These results are robust to the use of a matching estimator.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Effects of Class Size on Achievement of College Students|
|Keywords:||Class size; student achievement; educational production function|
|Subjects:||C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C2 - Single Equation Models; Single Variables > C23 - Models with Panel Data; Longitudinal Data; Spatial Time Series
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Insititutions > I21 - Analysis of Education
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J24 - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
|Depositing User:||VINCENZO SCOPPA|
|Date Deposited:||26. Aug 2009 13:42|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 20:22|
Abadie, A., Drukker, D., Leber Herr, J., and Imbens, G., (2004), “Implementing Matching Estimators for Average Treatment Effects in Stata”, Stata Journal, 4, pp. 290–311.
Abadie, A., and Imbens, G. (2006), “Large Sample Properties of Matching Estimators for Average Treatment Effects”, Econometrica, 74, pp. 235–67.
Angrist, J. (1998), “Estimating the Labor Market Impact of Voluntary Military Service Using Social Security Data on Military Applicants”, Econometrica, 66 (2), pp. 249-288.
Angrist, J. and Lavy, V., (1999), Using Maimonides’ rule to estimate the effect of class size on scholastic achievement, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 114 (2), pp. 533-575.
Bandiera, O., Larcinese, V., Rasul, I. (2008), Heterogeneous Class Size Effects New Evidence from a Panel of University Students, Department of Economics, London School of Economics and Political Science, mimeo.
Bedard, K., Kuhn, P. (2008), Where class size really matters: Class size and student ratings of instructor effectiveness, Economics of Education Review, 27, pp. 253–265.
Boozer, M. and Rouse, C. (1995), Intraschool variation in class size: patterns and implications, NBER Working Paper 5144.
Browning, M. and Heinesen, E. (2007), Class size, teacher hours and educational attainment, Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 109(2), pp. 415-438.
Brunello, G. and Cappellari, L., (2007), The labour market effects of Alma Mater: Evidence from Italy, Economics of Education Review, 27(5), pp. 564-574.
Case, A. and Deaton A. (1999), School Quality and Educational Outcomes in South Africa, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 114(3), pp. 1047–1084.
Checchi, D., (2006), The Economics of Education: Human Capital, Family Background and Inequality, Cambridge University Press.
Coleman, et al., (1966), Equality of Educational Opportunity, Washington, DC: U. S. Government Printing Office.
Dobbelsteen, S., Levin, J. and Oosterbeek, H. (2002), The causal effect of class size on scholastic achievement: distinguishing the pure class size effect from the effect of changes in class composition, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 64, pp. 17–38.
Hanushek, E. (1986), The economics of schooling: Production and efficiency in public schools, Journal of Economic Literature, 24, pp. 1141–1177.
Hanushek, E. (1999), What education production functions really show: a positive theory of education expenditures, Economics of Education Review, 18(2), pp. 223-239.
Hoxby, C. (2000), The effects of class size on student achievement: New evidence from population variation, Quarterly Journal of Economics 115, pp. 1239-1285.
Kokkelenberg, C., Dillon, M. and Christy S. (2008), “The Effects of Class Size on Student Grades at a Public University”, Economics of Education Review…..
Krueger A. and Whitmore D. (2001), The Effect of Attending a Small Class in the Early Grades on College-test Taking and Middle School Test Results: Evidence from Project Star, Economic Journal, 111(468), pp.1-28.
Krueger, A. (1999), Experimental estimates of educational production functions, Quarterly Journal of Economics 114 (2), pp. 497-532.
Lazear, E. (2001), Educational production, Quarterly Journal of Economics 116 (3), pp. 777-803.
Leuven E., Oosterbeek H. and Ronning M. (2008), Quasi-experimental estimates of the effect of class size on achievement in Norway, Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 110(4), pp. 663-693.
Rosenbaum P. and Rubin D. (1983), The central role of the propensity score in observational studies for causal effects, Biometrika, 70(1), pp. 41-55.
Rubin D. (1977), Assignment to Treatment Group on the Basis of a Covariate, Journal of Educational Statistics, 2(1), pp. 1-26.
Urquiola, M. (2006), Identifying class size effects in developing countries: Evidence from rural Bolivia, Review of Economics and Statistics, 88(1), pp. 171–176.
Webbink, D., (2005), “Causal Effects in Education”, Journal of Economic Surveys , 19, 4, pp. 535-560.