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Size, Non-performing Loan, Capital and Productivity Change: Evidence from Indian State-owned Banks

Das, Abhiman and Ghosh, Saibal (2006): Size, Non-performing Loan, Capital and Productivity Change: Evidence from Indian State-owned Banks. Published in: Journal of Quantitative Economics (2006): pp. 159-176.

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Abstract

While the relationship between portfolio risk and capital and its interrelationship with operating efficiency has been extensively studied, little work has been forthcoming on the interrelationships among credit risk, capital and productivity change. The paper makes an attempt to examine the same in the Indian context. Using data on state-owned banks (SOBs) for the period 1995-96 through 2000-2001, the paper finds capital, risk and productivity change to be intertwined, with each reinforcing and to a degree, complementing the other. The results imply that inadequately capitalized banks have lower productivity and are subject to a higher degree of regulatory pressure than adequately capitalized ones. Finally, the results lend support, especially for medium-sized banks, to the belief that lowering Government ownership tends to improve productivity.

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