Blechová, Beata and Barteczková, Ivana (2008): Comparison of the methodologies for assessing effective tax burden of corporate income used in European Union. Published in:
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In relationship with the changes of tax regulations in surrounding countries and last but not least in connection with the reform of public finances again the question of the further development of the Czech tax system is getting forward. The primary reason for the existence of taxes is fiscal, i.e. to ensure sufficient sources of public budgets for financing public property, however the tax policy must be provided in parallel with measures on the expenditure side of public budgets, that means it is necessary to perceive the tax policy in the context of the whole financial and economic policy of the state. In the sphere of direct taxes the most important external factor is the tax competition between single countries and that is also in the frame of the expanded European Union. The comparison of the income tax of legal entities shows in the last three years unambiguously the decreasing tax burden of firms. However, beside that economic behaviour of companies in connection with positioning their capital abroad reacts on comparability of tax conditions in single countries. Statutory corporate income tax rates are not the right indicator for the comparison of the real economic tax burden of various companies both in the frame of the one state and between the states. That is why for these purposes are used so-called effective corporate income tax rates discussed in this paper, which describes three methodologies for assessing these rates used in the European Union. These methodologies are using either real data from accounting on the national macro level or on the individual company micro level concerning realized entrepreneurial intentions by now or the hypothetical data concerning investments of these companies planed in the future. In conclusion of this paper are presented main differences between these three approaches.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Comparison of the methodologies for assessing effective tax burden of corporate income used in European Union|
|Keywords:||Statutory corporate tax rate, effective corporate tax rate, implicit tax rate, macro and micro backward-looking methods, micro forward-looking methods, tax wedge, cost of capital, effective marginal tax rate, effective average tax rate|
|Subjects:||H - Public Economics > H2 - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue|
|Depositing User:||Ivana Koštuříková|
|Date Deposited:||12. Oct 2009 13:52|
|Last Modified:||14. Feb 2013 18:00|
BLECHOVÁ, B.: Comparison of the Tax burden in the member states of the European union. Volume from the conference: Finance and accounting in the science, teaching and practice. University of T. Bata, Zlín, Faculty of the management and economics, 2005. ISBN 80-7318-288-2.
European Commission – Directorate-general for Economic and Financial Affairs-Martinez-Mongay, C.: ECFIN’s effective Tax Rates. Properties and Comparisons with other Tax Indicators. Economic paper N° 146, 2000, Brussels.