OUEDRAOGO, Salmata (2008): Social effect and female genital mutilation (FGM).
Download (393kB) | Preview
In this article we attempt to identify the impact of social effects on the decision to practice excision on girls, based on the methodology used by Bertrand, Luttmer and Mallainathan (2000). We are particularly interested in social determinants, and make use of the heterogeneity of behaviors according to area of residence, ethnicity and religion. We focus on the interaction between the density and the quality of contacts to infer a social network. We use the percentage of individuals of the same ethnic group and religion, living in the same survey area, to measure the quantity of contacts, and the percentage of excised women of the same ethnic group and religion to measure the quality of contacts. To implement our trials, we use data from the Burkina Faso's Demographic and Health Surveys 2003, which supplies information on the prevalence of female genital mutilation (FGM) and on the characteristics of Burkina Faso households. Our results show that social pressure is strongly correlated to the decision to practice excision in Burkina Faso households.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Social effect and female genital mutilation (FGM)|
|Keywords:||Burkina Faso, poverty, Female genital mutilation, social effects|
|Subjects:||C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C1 - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General > C13 - Estimation: General
D - Microeconomics > D7 - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making > D71 - Social Choice ; Clubs ; Committees ; Associations
D - Microeconomics > D1 - Household Behavior and Family Economics > D10 - General
Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics ; Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology > Z13 - Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology ; Social and Economic Stratification
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I1 - Health > I10 - General
|Depositing User:||Salmata OUEDRAOGO|
|Date Deposited:||13. Oct 2009 16:10|
|Last Modified:||07. May 2015 20:04|
 Auﬀret, Séverine (1982), Des couteaux contre les femmes. Paris: Grasset p.145
 Aizer, A., J. Currie (2004), “Networks or neighborhoods? Correlations in the use of publicly-funded maternity care in California” Journal of Public Economics, 88, pp.2573-2585.
 Alean Al-Krenawi and Rachel Wiesel-Le (1999), “Attitudes toward and Perceived Psy-chological Impact of Female Circumcision as Practiced among the Bedouin-Arabs of the Nigev” Family Process 38 (4), 431—443.
 Anika Rahman and Nahid Toubia (2000), Female Genital Mutilation: A Guide to Laws and Policies Worldwide, London and New York: Zed Books: 4.
 Asha Mohamud, Nancy Ali, Nancy Yinger, Program for Appropriate Technology in Health/World Health Organization (PATH/WHO) ( 1999), Female Genital Mutilation,Programs to Date: What Works and What Doesn’t.
 Behrman, J. R. (1996), “Impact of Health and Nutrition on Education.” World Bank Research Observer, 11:1, February: 23-37.
 Behrman, J., R.Hans-Peter Kohler, Susan C. Watkins (2003), “Social Networks,HIV/AIDS and Risk Perception” Penn Institute for Economic Research (PIER), Work- ing Paper, 32p.
 Bettina Shell-Duncan et Ylva Hernlund (2000 Female “Circumcision” in Africa: Culture, Controversy, and Change, Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc.
 Bhargava, A, D.T. Jamison, L.J. Lau, C.J.L. Murray(2001) “Modeling the eﬀects of health on economic growth”, Journal of Health Economics, 20, p. 423-440.
 Bisin, A., Horst, U. and Ozgür, O. (2006), “Rational Expectations Equilibria of Economies with Local Interactions” Journal of Economic Theory, 127, pp.74-116.
Bloom,DavidE.,DavidCanningandDeanT.Jamison(2004),“Health,Wealthand Welfare”, Finance and Development, March, pp.10-15.
 Bloom, David E., David Canning and Jaypee Sevilla (2004), “The Eﬀect of Health on Economic Growth: A Production Function Approach”, World Development, 32 (1), pp.1-13.
 Bloom, David E. and David Canning (2005) “Health and Economic Growth: Reconciling the Micro and Macro Evidence,” mimeo, Harvard School of Public Health.
 Bongaarts, John and Susan C. Watkins (1996) “Social interactions and contemporary fertility transitions,” Population and Development Review, 22(4): 639 /682.
 Brock, W. and S. Durlauf (2001), “Discrete Choice with Social Interactions”, The Review of Economic Studies, 68, pp. 235-260.