Pagiola, Stefano and Bosquet, Benoit (2009): Estimating the costs of REDD at the country level.
This is the latest version of this item.
Download (571kB) | Preview
Individual countries considering participating in a Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) mechanism need information on what it would cost them to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, and how to actually deliver those emissions reductions. Estimates of global average costs provide very little guidance in this regard. This paper aims to do two things. First, it tries to clarify some very important conceptual issues. What exactly are we asking when we ask what the 'cost' of REDD is? What kinds of costs should be included? Second, it tries to highlight some of the issues involved in properly estimating the costs of REDD. Such estimates would help them to assess issues such as (i) how many emission reductions they might potentially be able to 'sell' to a REDD mechanism at given prices; (ii) how much the country would benefit from such sales; (iii) how they might be able to actually reduce deforestation so as to generate these emissions reductions; (iv) how the costs and benefits of REDD would be distributed among different groups within the country; (v) what the budgetary implications would be for government agencies.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Estimating the costs of REDD at the country level|
|Keywords:||Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, redd, deforestation, climate change|
|Subjects:||Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q2 - Renewable Resources and Conservation > Q23 - Forestry
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q57 - Ecological Economics: Ecosystem Services; Biodiversity Conservation; Bioeconomics; Industrial Ecology
|Depositing User:||Stefano Pagiola|
|Date Deposited:||26. Oct 2009 09:12|
|Last Modified:||11. Feb 2013 21:50|
Antinori, C., and J. Sathaye. 2007. “Assessing transaction costs of project-based greenhouse gas emissions trading.” Paper No. LBNL-57315. Berkeley: Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
Bishop, J. 1998. “The economics of non-timber forest benefits: An overview.” Gatekeeper Paper GK 98-01. London: IIED.
Boucher, D. 2008a. “Out of the Woods: A realistic role for tropical forests in curbing global warming.” Washington: Union of Concerned Scientists.
Boucher, D. 2008b. “What REDD can do: The economics and development of reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.” Washington: Union of Concerned Scientists. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTCC/Resources/whatREDDcando.pdf
Gittinger, J.P. 1982. Economic Analysis of Agricultural Projects. Second edition. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press for the World Bank.
Grieg-Gran, M. 2006. “The cost of avoiding deforestation: Report prepared for the Stern Review of the economics of climate change.” London: IIED.
Hemming, R., M. Kell, and S. Mahfouz. 2002. “The effectiveness of fiscal policy in stimulating economic activity: A review of the literature.” IMF Working Paper WP/02/208. Washington: IMF.
Kindermann, G., M. Obersteiner, B. Sohngen, J. Sathaye, K. Andrasko, E. Rametsteiner, B. Schlamadinger, S. Wunder, and R. Beach. 2008. “Global cost estimates of reducing carbon emissions through avoided deforestation.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105(30), pp.10302–10307. http://www.pnas.org/content/105/30/10302.full
Lampietti, J.A., and J.A. Dixon. 1995. “To see the forest for the trees: A guide to non-timber forest benefits.” Environment Department Paper No.13. Washington: World Bank.
Republic of Guyana. 2008. “Saving the world’s forests today: Creating incentives to avoid deforestation.” Georgetown: Office of the President.
Monke, E.A., and S.R. Pearson. 1989. The Policy Analysis Matrix for Agricultural Development. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Nepstad, D., B. Soares-Filho, F. Merry, P, Moutinho, H.O. Rodrigues, M. Bowman, S. Schwartzman, O. Almeida, and S. Rivero. 2007. “The costs and benefits of reducing carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in the Brazilian Amazon.” Report released prior to the Bali UNFCCC Conference of the Parties. Falmouth: Woods Hole Research Center. http://www.whrc.org/policy/BaliReports/assets/WHRC_Amazon_REDD.pdf
Palm, C.A., P.L. Woomer, J. Alegre, L. Arevalo, C. Castilla, D. G. Cordeiro, B. Feigl, K. Hairiah, J. Kotto-Same, A. Mendes, A. Moukam, D. Murdiyarso, R. Njomgang, W.J. Parton, A. Ricse, V. Rodrigues, S.M. Sitompul, and M. van Noordwijk. 1999. “Carbon sequestration and trace gas emissions in slash-and-burn and alternative land uses in the humid tropics.” ASB Climate Change Working Group Final Report, Phase II. Nairobi: ICRAF.
Palm, C., T. Tomich, M. van Noordwijk, S. Vosti, J. Gockowski, J. Alegre, and L. Verchot. 2004. “Mitigating GHG emissions in the humid tropics: Case studies from the Alternatives to Slash-and-Burn Program (ASB).” Environment, Development and Sustainability, 6, pp.145–162.
Pagiola, S. 2008. “Payments for environmental services in Costa Rica.” Ecological Economics, 65(4), pp.712-724.
Pfaff, A., J.A. Robalino, and G.A. Sanchez-Azofeifa. 2008. “Payments for environmental services: Empirical analysis for Costa Rica.” Working Paper No.SAN08-05. Durham: Terry Sanford Institute of Public Policy, Duke University.
Plantinga, A.J., and J. Wu. 2003. “Co-benefits from carbon sequestration in forests: Evaluating reductions in agricultural externalities from an afforestation policy in Wisconsin.” Land Economics, 79(1), pp.74-85.
Richards, K.R., and C. Stokes. 2004. “A review of forest carbon sequestration cost studies: A dozen years of research.” Climatic Change, 63(1), pp.1-48.
Stern, N. 2007. The Economics of Climate Change: The Stern Review. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Swallow, B, M. van Noordwijk, S. Dewi, D. Murdiyarso, D. White, J. Gockowski, G. Hyman, S. Budidarsono, V. Robiglio, V. Meadu, A. Ekadinata, F. Agus, K. Hairiah, P.N. Mbile, D.J. Sonwa, and S. Weise. 2007. Opportunities for Avoided Deforestation with Sustainable Benefits: An Interim Report by the ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins. Nairobi: ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins.
Tattenbach, F., G. Obando, and J. Rodríguez. 2006. “Mejora del excedente nacional del pago de servicios ambientales.” San José: FONAFIFO.
van Kooten, G.C, A.J. Eagle, J. Manley, and T. Smolak. 2007. “How costly are carbon offsets? A meta-analysis of carbon forest sinks.” Environmental Science & Policy, 7, pp.239–251.
Woomer, P.L., and C.A. Palm. 1998. “An approach to estimating system carbon stocks in tropical forests and associated land uses.” Commonwealth Forestry Review, 77, pp.181–190.
Wunder, S., S. Engel, and S. Pagiola. 2008. “Taking stock: A comparative analysis of payments for environmental services programs in developed and developing countries.” Ecological Economics, 65(4), pp.834-852.
Available Versions of this Item
Estimating the costs of REDD at the country level. (deposited 03. Mar 2009 08:49)
- Estimating the costs of REDD at the country level. (deposited 26. Oct 2009 09:12) [Currently Displayed]