Funk, Matt (2009): On the Origin of Mass Extinctions: Darwin’s Nontrivial Error.
Download (126kB) | Preview
Darwin's "Origin" launched evolution into theoretical orbit and it continues to influence its course. This magnum opus detailed a tenable solution to the most fundamental problem of human existence,and although this Promethean vision contains a few minor errors, there is one nontrivial error which misguides several crucial developments – not only in the evolving structure of evolutionary theory, but across the entire spectrum of science, including politico-economics. This problem has led theorists to mistakenly favour earth-based inputs over cosmic inputs, to over- emphasize biological evolution, and to under-emphasize stellar evolution. These perceptive, methodological, and logical errors have, in turn, emphasized the significance of the individual “struggle against competitors” over the cooperative “struggle against inclement environments”, and thus fashionable theories relating to Global Warming, The Problem of Sustainable Economic Development, and The Tragedy of the Commons have been erected upon false and sandy foundations and suggest evolutionarily unstable solutions. And to this point, in light of the discoveries presented here, we conclude that largely redirected global threat mitigation efforts will require unprecedented levels of international cooperation if long-term human survival is to be achieved.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||On the Origin of Mass Extinctions: Darwin’s Nontrivial Error|
|Keywords:||On the Origin of Species; planetary evolution; stellar evolution; cosmic inputs; mass extinctions; sustainable economic development; tragedy of the commons; global threat mitigation; international cooperation; long-distance dispersal; problem-solving; human survival|
|Subjects:||Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q51 - Valuation of Environmental Effects
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q54 - Climate; Natural Disasters; Global Warming
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q57 - Ecological Economics: Ecosystem Services; Biodiversity Conservation; Bioeconomics; Industrial Ecology
|Depositing User:||Matt Funk|
|Date Deposited:||01. Dec 2009 07:05|
|Last Modified:||16. Feb 2013 19:24|
1. Darwin C (1859) On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection (Murray, London).
2. Renatus F (390) De Re Militari (Griffin, London).
3. Copernicus N (1543) On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres (Abbot, London).
4. Newton I (1687) The Mathematic Principles of Natural Philosophy. 1848 Ed (Adee, New York).
5. Hume D (1739) A Treatise of Human Nature (Noon, London).
6. Smith A (1776) An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (Strahan & Cadell, London).
7. Malthus T (1798) An Essay on the Principle of Population (Johnson, London).
8. Lloyd W (1832) Two lectures on the checks to population. Reprinted in (1980) Pop and Devel Rev, 6.
9. Humboldt A, Bonpland A (1814) Personal Narrative of Travels to the Equinoctial Regions of the New Continent (Longman, London).
10. Humboldt A (1845) Cosmos: A Sketch of the Physical Description of the Universe (Harper & Brothers, Philadelphia).
11. Wallace A (1855) On the Law Which has Regulated the Introduction of New Species. Ann of Nat History 16:184-195.
12. Maxwell, (1865). A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field. Phil Trans R Soc 155: 459–512.
13. Hertz H (1887) On the Photoelectric Effect. Ann Phys 31:983-1000.
14. Planck M (1901) On the Theory of Blackbody Radiation. Ann Phys 4:553-563.
15. Einstein A (1905) On a Heuristic View concerning the Production and Transformation of Light. Ann Phys 17: 132–148.
16. Einstein A (1905) On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies. Ann Phys 17:891–921 .
17. Einstein A (1905) On the Motion of Small Particles Suspended in Liquids at Rest Required by the Molecular-Kinetic Theory of Heat. Ann Phys 17:549-560.
18. Einstein A (1905) On the Special Theory of Relativity. Ann Phys 17:891-921.
19. Einstein A (1905) On Mass-Energy Equivalence. Ann Phys 18:639-641.
20. Einstein A (1906) On a New Determination of Molecular Dimensions. Ann Phys 19:289-305.
21. Einstein A (1911) On the Influence of Gravitation on the Propagation of Light. Ann Phys 35:898–908.
22. Einstein A (1916) On the General Theory of Relativity. Ann Phys 49:769-822.
23. Einstein A (1918) The Foundation of the General Theory of Relativity. Ann Phys 55:241–244.
24. Neumann J, Morgenstern O (1944) Theory of games and Economic Behaviour. 60th Anniversary Ed (Princeton Univ Press, Princeton).
25. Nash J (1951) Non-Cooperative Games. Ann Math 54:286-295.
26. Nash J (1950) Equilibrium points in n-person games. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 36: 48–49.
27. Holt C, Roth A (2004) The Nash equilibrium: A perspective. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 101:3999-4000.
28. Popper K (1959) The Logic of Scientific Discovery (Routledge, London).
29. Watson J, Crick F (1953) Molecular structure of nucleic acids; a structure for deoxyribose nucleic acid. Nature 171: 737-738.
30. Carlquist S (1974) Island Biology (Columbia Univ Press New York).
31. Hayek F (1989) The Pretense of Knowledge. Nobel Memorial Lecture, December 11, 1974. The Amer Econ Rev 79:3-7.
32. Stigler G (1982) The Process and Progress of Economics. J of Pol Econ 91:529-545.
33. Maynard Smith J (1982) Evolution and the Theory of Games (Cambridge University, New York).
34. Gould S (2002) The Structure of Evolutionary Theory (Harvard Univ, Cambridge).
35. Mayr E (2004) What Makes Biology Unique: Considerations on the Autonomy of a Scientific Discipline (Cambridge Univ Press, New York).
36. Aumann R (2006) War and Peace. Nobel Memorial Lecture, 8 December 2005. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 103:17075–17078.
37. Linnean Society (2009) http://www.linnean.org/index.php?id=378.
38. Darwin C, Wallace A (1858) Darwin-Wallace Paper. Communicated by Sir Charles Lyell, FLS, and J.D. Hooker, FLS. Proceedings 3:45-62.
39. Popper K (1945) The Open Society and its Enemies. Vol II (Routledge, London).
40. Maddox B (2009) Deconstructing Darwin. Discover Nov:39-41.
41. Kanipe J (2009) The Cosmic Connection: How Astronomical Events Impact Life on Earth (Prometheus, Amherst).
42. Haldane J (1963) The Truth About Death. J Genet 58:463-464.
43. Dobzhansky T (1964) Biology, Molecular and Organismic. Amer Zool 4:443-452.
44. Bryson B (2003) In A Short History of Nearly Everything (Broadway Books, New York).
45. Hawking S (2008) Big Questions About the Universe (TED, New York).
46. Hawking S (1988) A Brief History of Time (Bantam, New York).
47. Einstein A (1954) Ideas and Opinions (Crown, New York).
48. Taleb N (2001) Fooled by Randomness (Texere, New York).
49. Bono E (1990) I am Right – You are Wrong (Viking, New York).
50. Daly H (2005) Economics in a Full World. Scientific American 293: 100-107.
51. Fersht A (2009) The most influential journals: Impact Factor and Eigenfactor. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 106:6883-6884
52. Hardin G (1968) The Tragedy of the Commons. Science 162:1243–1248.
53. Ostrom E (1990) Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Actions (Cambridge Univ Press, Cambridge).
54. Ostrom E (1998) A Behavioral Approach to the Rational Choice Theory of Collective Action: 1997 Presidential Address, American Political Science Association. Amer Pol Sci Rev 92: 1–22.
55. Ostrom E (1999) Coping with the Tragedies of the Commons. Annual Rev of Pol Sci 2:493–535.
56. Ostrom E (2000) Collective Action and the Evolution of Social Norms. J of Econ Perspect 14:137–158.
57. Ostrom E (2005) Understanding Institutional Diversity, Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.
58. Ostrom E, et. al., (1994) Rules, Games, and Common-Pool Resources (Univ of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor).
59. Ostrom E, et. al., (1992) Covenants with and without a Sword: Self-Governance is Possible. Amer Pol Sci Rev 86:404–417.
60. Ostrom E, et al., (1999): Revisiting the Commons: Local Lessons, Global Challenges. Science 284:278–282.
61. Ostrom E (2006) The value-added of laboratory experiments for the study of institutions and common-pool resources J of Econ Behav and Org 61.
62. Ostrom E (1965) Public Entrepreneurship: A Case Study in Ground Water Management. A Ph.D. Thesis (Univ of California, Los Angeles).
63. Ostrom E, et. al., A General Framework for Analyzing Sustainability of Social-Ecological Systems. Science 325: 419-422.
64. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (2009) Scientific Background on the 2009 Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel (Royal Swedish Academy, Stockholm).
65. Josephson B (1990). Foreword to Bono E (1990) I am Right – You are Wrong (Viking, New York).
66. Carlquist S (1983) Intercontinental Dispersal. Sonderbd Naturwiss Ver Hamburg 7:37-47.
67. Carlquist S (2009) Dispersal to Islands (Carlquist, Santa Barbara).
68. Carlquist S (2009) Loss of Dispersibility on Islands (Carlquist, Santa Barbara).
69. Oppenheimer R (1955) The Open Mind (Simon & Schuster, New York.
S1. Funk M (2009) On the Truly Noncooperative Game of Island Life: Introducing a Unified Theory of Value & Evolutionary Stable ‘Island’ Economic Development Strategy. An open letter to the Fellows of the Linnean Society of London: http://files.me.com/mattfunk/n90gzv
S2. Funk M (2009) On the Truly Noncooperative Game of Life on Earth: In Search of the Unity of Nature & Evolutionary Stable Strategy: http://files.me.com/mattfunk/i7zivw
Available Versions of this Item
On the Origin of Mass Extinctions: Darwin’s Nontrivial Error. (deposited 22. Nov 2009 23:45)
- On the Origin of Mass Extinctions: Darwin’s Nontrivial Error. (deposited 01. Dec 2009 07:05) [Currently Displayed]