Diakantoni, Antonia and Escaith, Hubert (2009): Mapping the Tariff Waters.
Download (510kB) | Preview
Tariff water –the difference between bound and applied duties– provides relevant information on domestic trade policy and WTO trade negotiations. This paper examines the general and sectoral tariff structure of 120 economies, using exploratory data analysis. The analysis identifies the countries having similar overall structures across sectors, then analyses the specific patterns for each particular product sector. Finally, the degree of influence of countries' regional and socio-economic characteristics on their tariff structure is evaluated. A first element of conclusion is that tariff policies seem to protect more the labour intensive sectors, with some variations in the case of agriculture, rather than pursuing traditional protectionist industrial policies through "effective protection". A second element of conclusion is that the distinction between developing and developed countries is broadly relevant to characterize tariff policies, but not overly determinant.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Mapping the Tariff Waters|
|Keywords:||Commercial Policy, Taxation, Tariff Duty, GATT-WTO, International Trade Agreements, MFN, Bound Tariff, Tariff Water.|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F13 - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
H - Public Economics > H2 - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
|Depositing User:||Hubert Escaith|
|Date Deposited:||08. Dec 2009 23:41|
|Last Modified:||22. Feb 2013 16:32|
Bchir M. H., Jean S. and Laborde D. (2005), " Binding overhang and tariff cutting formulas". CEPII 2005-18.
Costantini V., Crescenzi R., De Filippis F. and Salvatici L. (2007), "Bargaining Coalitions in the WTO Agricultural Negotiations". The World Economy pp. 863891.
Decreux Y. and Fontagné L., (2009), " Economic impact of potential outcome of the DDA". CEPII 2009-01.
Foletti L., Fugazza M., Nicita A. and Olarreaga M. (2009) "Smoke in the Water". World Bank, Policy Research Working Paper 5050.
Fontagné L., Guérin J-L. and Jean S. (2005), " Market Access Liberalisation in the Doha Round: Scenarios and Assessment". Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2005, p. 1073-1094.
François F. and Martin W. (2004),"Commercial policy variability, bindings, and market access". European Economic Review 48 (2004) 665-679.
François F., Martin W. and Manole V. (2005),"Choosing Formulas for Market Access Negotiations: Efficiency and Market Access Considerations" World Bank, Policy Research Working Paper Series number 3474.
Francois J., Van Meijl H., Van Tongeren F (2003), " Trade Liberalization and Developing Countries under the Doha Round". Tinbergen Institute TI 2003-060/2.
Gibson P., Wainio J., Whitley D., And Bohan M. (2001), "Profiles of tariffs in global agricultural markets". Agricultural Economic Report No. (aer796) 44 pp, January 2001.
Goode W. (2003), Dictionary of Trade Policy Terms, Fourth Edition.
Jones K. (2007), "Regionalism and the problem of representation in the WTO". UNU-CRIS Working Papers W-2007/12.
World Bank - World Development Indicators (on-line data base, data extracted in July 2009).
WTO - Integrated Data Base, Consolidated Tariff Schedules database (on-line data bases, extracted in February 2008)
WTO - UNCTAD - ITC (2006) World Tariff Profiles.