Munich Personal RePEc Archive

A Snapshot of Geothermal Energy Potential and Utilization in Turkey

Erdogdu, Erkan (2009): A Snapshot of Geothermal Energy Potential and Utilization in Turkey. Published in: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews , Vol. 13, No. 9 (December 2009): pp. 2535-2543.

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Abstract

Turkey is one of the countries with significant potential in geothermal energy. It is estimated that if Turkey utilizes all of her geothermal potential, she can meet 14% of her total energy need (heat and electricity) from geothermal sources. Therefore, today geothermal energy is an attractive option in Turkey to replace fossil fuels. Besides, increase in negative effects of fossil fuels on the environment has forced many countries, including Turkey, to use renewable energy sources. Also, Turkey is an energy importing country; more than two-thirds of her energy requirement is supplied by imports. In this context, geothermal energy appears to be one of the most efficient and effective solutions for sustainable energy development and environmental pollution prevention in Turkey. Since geothermal energy will be used more and more in the future, its current potential, usage, and assessment in Turkey is the focus of the present study. The paper not only presents a review of the potential and utilization of the geothermal energy in Turkey but also provides some guidelines for policy makers.

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