Rodriguez, Francisco and Wagner, Rodrigo (2009): How Would your Kids Vote if I Open my Doors? Evidence from Venezuela. Published in: Human Development Research Paper (HDRP) Series , Vol. 40, No. 2009
Download (530kB) | Preview
For how long does cultural heritage persist? Do the culturally inherited values of immigrants dilute as generations pass? We answer these question by studying the relationship between revealed political behavior of immigrant families and the culture of the place where they migrated from, either one or many generations ago. Using surnames as indicators of region of origin of Italians in Venezuela, we study the effect of cultural heritage on two indicators of revealed political behavior: (i) propensity for civic engagement, and (ii) propensity for redistribution. A well established literature documents greater propensity for civic engagement and lower propensity for redistribution among Northern Italians. In Venezuela, we measure the former by turnout before the era of political polarization and the latter by signing behavior against Hugo Chávez in the 2004 recall referendum drive. Despite the fact that the wave of Italian immigration to Venezuela occurred more than half a century before the events studied in this paper, we do not find a greater propensity for civic engagement nor preference against redistribution among descendants from Northern as opposed to Southern Italians, suggesting that cultural assimilation may be a strong determinant of political behavior in the long run.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||How Would your Kids Vote if I Open my Doors? Evidence from Venezuela|
|Keywords:||Social capital, political incorporation of immigrants, family economics, redistribution, political preferences, civic engagement, Latin America|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F22 - International Migration
Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics; Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology
P - Economic Systems > P2 - Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies > P26 - Political Economy; Property Rights
|Date Deposited:||13. Dec 2009 06:58|
|Last Modified:||27. Feb 2013 00:25|
Alesina, Alberto and Giuliano, Paola. 2007. The Power of the family. NBER Working Paper No. W13051
Alesina, Alberto and Fuchs-Schündeln, Nicola. Good-Bye Lenin (or Not?): The Effect of Communism on People's Preferences. 2007. The American Economic Review
Anna Maria Mayda, 2006. Who Is Against Immigration? A Cross-Country Investigation of Individual Attitudes toward Immigrants. Review of Economics and Statistics. 88(3), pages 510-530.
Antecol, Heather. 2000. An examination of cross-country differences in the gender gap in labor force participation rates. Labour Economics. 7 (4). 409-426.
Banfield, E. C. 1958.The Moral Basis of a Backward Society”, The Free Press (New York).
Bavetta, S; A Cognata; DMA Patti; P Navarra. 2008. Individual Control in Decision- Making and Attitudes Towards Inequality: The Case of Italy. In. Braham, Matthew; Frank Steffen; Manfred Joseph Holler. Power, freedom, and voting. Springer (Berlin)
Benabou, Roland, and Tirole, Jean 2006. Belief in a Just World and Redistributive Politics. Quarterly Journal of Economics 121 (2). 699-746.
Bisin, A and T. Verdier (2001), The Economics of Cultural Transmission and the Evolution of Preferences, Journal of Economic Theory, 97(2), 298-319, 2001.
Bordignon, Fabio; Dalla-Zuanna , Gianpiero and Michielin, Francesca. 2006. Intergenerational Residential Proximity: An European comparison. European Population Conference 2006 (EPC 2006), “Population Challenges in Ageing Societies” Liverpool, UK, June 21-24.
Carroll, CD; Rhee, BK Rhee, C. 1994. Are There Cultural Effects on Saving? Some Cross-Sectional Evidence. Quarterly Journal of Economics
Carroll, CD; Rhee, BK Rhee, C. 1999. Does Cultural Origin Affect Saving Behavior? Evidence from Immigrants. Economic Development and Cultural Change. 48:33–50
Cavalli-Sforza, Luigi Luca; Moroni, Antonio and Zei, Gianna. 2004. Consanguinity, inbreeding, and genetic drift in Italy Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press,
Corrales, Javier. 2006. Hugo Boss. How Chávez is refashioning dictatorship for a democratic era. Foreign Policy 152. 32-41
Cunill, Pedro. 1996. La presenza italiana in Venezuela. Edizioni della Fondazione Giovanni Agnelli (Torino, Italy). [traduzione dallo spagnolo di Fiorella Negro]
D'Angelo, Giuseppe. 2005. Emigranti e imprenditori: gli italiani in Venezuela. MEMORIA E RICERCA. Vol18.
Fernandez, Raquel, and Alessandra Fogli. 2009. "Culture: An Empirical Investigation of Beliefs, Work, and Fertility." American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, 1(1): 146–77.
Giuliano, Paola. 2007. Living Arrangements in Western Europe: Does Cultural Origin Matter? Journal of the European Economic Association. September 2007, Vol. 5, No. 5, Pages 927-952.
Guiso, Luigi; Sapienza, Paola; Zingales, Luigi. 2007. Long Term Persistence. Unpublished manuscript.
Guiso, Luigi; Sapienza, Paola; Zingales, Luigi. 2008. Alfred Marshall Lecture - Social Capital as Good Culture. Journal of the European Economic Association. 6 ( 2-3) 295-320
Hsieh, Chang-Tai; Miguel, Edward; Ortega, Daniel and Rodriguez, Francisco. 2008. The Price of Political Opposition: Evidence from Venezuela’s Maisanta. Version as of March 2008.
Iannettone, Giovanni. 2003. Italianos en la historia de Venezuela. Ecclesia, XVII, n. 3 pp. 367-381
Osili, U. O. and Paulson, AL. (2008) What Can We Learn about Financial Access from U.S. Immigrants? The Role of Country of Origin Institutions and Immigrant Beliefs. The World Bank Economic Review 22:3, 431-455
Osili, Una Okonkwo and Paulson, Anna L.. (2008) Institutions and Financial Development: Evidence from International Migrants in the United States. Review of Economics and Statistics 90:3, 498-517
Putnam, Robert; Leonardi. Robert and Nanetti, Rafaella Y. 1993. Making democracy work: Civic traditions in modern Italy.
Rodriguez, Francisco. 2008. "An Empty Revolution: The Unfulfilled Promises of Hugo Chávez," Foreign Affairs. (March/April 2008).
Rodríguez, Francisco and Adam Gomolin (2009) “Anarchy, State and Dystopia: Venezuelan Economic Institutions before the Advent of Oil,” Bulletin of Latin American Research.
Tabellini, Guido. 2008 (a). The Scope of Cooperation: Values and Incentives. Quarterly Journal of Economics 123:3, 905-950.
Tabellini, Guido. 2008 (b). Culture and Institutions: Economic Development in the Regions of Europe Unpublished manuscript revised as of July 2008.
Vannini de Gerulewicz, Marisa. 1966 Italia y los italianos en la historia y en la cultura de Venezuela. Caracas [Oficina Central de Información]