Letouzé, Emmanuel and Purser, Mark and Rodríguez, Francisco and Cummins, Matthew (2009): Revisiting the Migration-Development Nexus: A Gravity Model Approach. Published in: Human Development Research Paper (HDRP) Series , Vol. 44, No. 2009
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This paper presents empirical estimates of a gravity model of bilateral migration that properly accounts for non-linearities and tackles causality issues through an instrumental variables approach. In contrast to the existing literature, which is limited to OECD data, we have estimated our model using a matrix of bilateral migration stocks for 127 countries. We find that the inverted-U relationship between income at origin and migration found by other authors survives the more demanding bilateral specification but does not survive both instrumentation and introduction of controls for the geographical and cultural proximity between country pairs. We also evaluate the effect of migration on origin and destination country income using the geographically determined component of migration as a source of exogenous variation and fail to find a significant effect of migration on origin or destination income.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Revisiting the Migration-Development Nexus: A Gravity Model Approach|
|Keywords:||Gravity models, international migration, economic growth|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F22 - International Migration
F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F16 - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O15 - Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O5 - Economywide Country Studies > O57 - Comparative Studies of Countries
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O19 - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
|Date Deposited:||13. Dec 2009 07:10|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 14:29|
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